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Barns agerande utifrån småkrypsaktiviteters utformning i förskolan.: En kvalitativ observationsstudie av hur små barns utforskande, deltagande och samspel påverkas av hur pedagoger introducerar och utformar aktiviteter kring småkryp i verksamheten.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Children’s actions based on the design activities with insects in preschool : An observation study of how small children’s exploration, participation and interaction is affected by how educators introduce and design activities around bugs (English)
Abstract [en]

This observational study examines how the participation, interaction and exploration of young children is influenced by how activities are introduced and designed in preschool activities. This study is based on two different activities, which show two different approaches where both activities have a natural science starting point with the theme of small bugs and insects. The first activity took place in the preschool’s indoor environment with the help of a reading tablet and the second activity took place in the outdoor environment outside the preschool. The data is collected through observations and the children who participate in the study are 1-3 years old. Seven observations were conducted, four with the reading tablet in the indoor environment and three in the outdoor environment outside the preschool.

The results show that generally more types of interaction occur in the activity with the reading tablet in the indoor environment, than in the activity in the outdoor environment. This is probably because the reading tablet gathers the children and makes them interact with each other. The result also shows more types of exploration in the outdoor environment activity. The reason for this could be that they are out in the "real" environment with actual bugs and insects.

 

Abstract [sv]

Denna observationsstudie undersöker hur små barns deltagande, samspel och utforskande påverkas av hur aktiviteter introduceras och utformas i förskolans verksamhet. Detta studeras utifrån två olika aktiviteter, som visar två olika tillvägagångssätt. Båda aktiviteterna har en naturvetenskaplig utgångspunkt med temat småkryp. Den första aktiviteten utspelar sig i förskolans innemiljö med hjälp en läsplatta och den andra aktiviteten utspelar sig i utemiljön utanför förskolan. Datamaterialet samlas in genom observationer och barnen som deltog i studien var i åldrarna 1–3. Sju observationer genomfördes, fyra observationer med läsplattan i innemiljön och tre i utemiljön utanför förskolan

Resultatet visar att det generellt skedde mer typer av samspel i aktiviteten med läsplattan i innemiljön än i aktiviteten i utemiljön. Det skulle kunna vara för att aktiviteten med läsplattan samlade barnen, så att de tillsammans kunde samspela med varandra och pedagogen. Resultatet visade även att det skedde mer former av utforskande i utemiljöaktiviteten. Anledningen till det skulle kunna vara att barnen var ute i den ”riktiga” miljön med insekter och småkryp.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Working, Preschool, Tablet, Bugs, Outdoor environment.
Keywords [sv]
Arbetssätt, förskola, läsplatta, småkryp, utemiljö.
National Category
Other Biological Topics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-75801DiVA, id: diva2:1371440
Subject / course
Applied Pedagogy
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-20 Created: 2019-11-19 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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