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A theory-based intervention delivered by an online social media platform to promote oral health among Iranian adolescents: A cluster randomized controlled trial
Inholland Univ Appl Sci, Cluster Hlth Sport & Welf, Dept Oral Hyg, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Gold Coast, Australia.;Curtin Univ, Sch Psychol, Perth, WA, Australia..
UCL, Eastman Dent Inst, London, England..
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Jönkoping University.
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2019 (English)In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Based on the Health Action Process Approach, we tested the efficacy of a theory-based program using an online social media platform (Telegram) to promote good oral hygiene behaviour among Iranian adolescents. Design: A three-arm randomized-controlled trial design was used, consisting of an adolescent only intervention group (A group; n?=?253), an adolescent and mother intervention group (A?+?M group; n?=?260), and a control group (n?=?278). Main outcome measures: Psychosocial variables, toothbrushing behaviour, Visual Plaque Index, and Community Periodontal Index. Results: Increases in adolescent toothbrushing at the one- and six-month follow-ups in both intervention groups compared to the control group were observed. Adolescents in the A?+?M group showed significant greater improvements in their toothbrushing behaviour, Visual Plaque Index, and Community Periodontal Index scores than adolescents in the A group. Improvements to toothbrushing social cognitions were also observed. Conclusions: Current results support the use of the theory-based program delivered by Telegram in improving good oral hygiene behaviour and oral health outcomes among Iranian adolescents. Involving mothers in an intervention can confer additional benefits for adolescent oral health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019.
Keywords [en]
mHealth, oral hygiene, oral health promotion, health action process approach, parents, NCT03641885
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75622DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2019.1673895ISI: 000490913900001PubMedID: 31621423OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-75622DiVA, id: diva2:1369651
Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2020-02-20

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