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Joint Life Cycle Assessment and Data Envelopment Analysis for the benchmarking of environmental impacts in rice paddy production
Univ Tehran, Fac Agr Engn & Technol, Dept Agr Machinery Engn, Karaj, Iran.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Agroecol, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8300-2786
Univ Tehran, Fac Agr Engn & Technol, Dept Agr Machinery Engn, Karaj, Iran..
Univ Tehran, Fac Agr Engn & Technol, Dept Agr Machinery Engn, Karaj, Iran..
Univ Tehran, Fac Agr Engn & Technol, Dept Agr Machinery Engn, Karaj, Iran..
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 106, p. 521-532Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The combined implementation of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been identified as a suitable tool for the evaluation of the environmental and economic performance of multiple similar entities. In this study, a total of 82 rice paddy fields for spring and summer growing seasons in north of Iran were assessed using a combined LCA and DEA methodology to estimate the technical efficiency of each farmer. Furthermore, the environmental consequences of operational inefficiencies were quantified and target performance values benchmarked for inefficient units so that ecoefficiency criteria were verified. Results showed average reduction levels of up to 20% and 25% per material input for spring and summer systems, leading to impact reductions which ranged from 8% to 11% for spring farms and 19% to 25% for summer farms depending on the chosen impact category. Additionally, the potential economic savings from efficient farming operations were also determined. The economic results indicate that an added annual gross margin of 0.045 $ per 1 kg rice paddy could be achieved if inefficient units converted to an efficient operation. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2015. Vol. 106, p. 521-532
Keywords [en]
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Rice paddy, Growing season, Technical efficiency, Economic savings
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75579DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.008ISI: 000359955900051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-75579DiVA, id: diva2:1369470
Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2019-11-12

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Mohammadi, Ali

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