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Arbetsmarknadens stängda dörrar: En kvalitativ studie om återintegrering efter avtjänat fängelsestraff
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The closed doors of the labour market : A qualitative study about reintegration after a completed prison sentence (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur före detta intagna upplever möjlighet till arbete efter frigivning samt ta reda på hur de blir bemötta av arbetsgivare. Tidigare forskning visar att det finns svårigheter för tidigare dömda att återintegreras på arbetsmarknaden samt att arbetsmöjligheterna skiljer sig kraftigt mellan personer som inte är dömda och de som är tidigare dömda. Detta eftersom arbetsgivare vill skydda organisationen från brottslighet.

Teorierna om stigmatisering och stämpling utgör stora delar av arbetet och analyseras tillsammans med informanternas uttalanden i analysdelen. Studien består av en kvalitativ metod med en fenomenologisk ansats med fokus på sex kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. I resultat och analysdelen har jag lyft fram fyra teman som är: självstigmatisering, det dolda stigmat, självuppfyllande profetia och arbetsgivarens respekt för stigmatisering. Slutligen visar huvud resultatet att informanterna i undersökningen befinner sig i en avvikande grupp som har svårt för att återanpassa sig på arbetsmarknaden. Flera av faktorerna till detta är att de fortsätter stigmatiseras och stämplas i anställningsprocesser utifrån tidigare brott, något som därmed begränsar arbetsmöjligheterna ytterligare. Resultatet visar dessutom på att ingen av informanterna erfarit att de blivit bemötta på ett annorlunda sätt, något som kan bero på att man vanligtvis brukar respektera en annan persons stigma i sociala grupper.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to investigate how former inmates experience the opportunity to work after served prison sentence and find out how they are treated by employers. Previous research shows that there are difficulties for previously convicted people to be reintegrated into the labour market and that job opportunities differ greatly between people who are not convicted and those who are previously convicted. This is because employers want to protect the organization from crime.

 

The theories of stigmatization and stamping make up much of the work and are analyzed together with the informants' statements in the analysis part. The study consists of a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach focusing on six qualitative semi-structured interviews. In the results and the analysis section I have highlighted four themes that are: self-stigmatization, the hidden stigmatization, self-fulfilling prophecy and the employer's respect for stigmatization. Finally, the main result shows that the informants in the survey are in a deviant group who have difficulty in reintegrating into the labour market. Several of the factors for this are that they continue to be stigmatized and stamped in employment processes based on previous crimes, which further limits the job opportunities. The result also shows that none of the informants have experienced that they have been treated in a different way, which may be because one usually respect another person's stigma in social groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
Criminal record, reintegration, labor market, stamping, stigmatization
Keywords [sv]
Belastningsregister, återintegrering, arbetsmarknaden, stämpling, stigmatisering
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-75532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-75532DiVA, id: diva2:1368288
Subject / course
Sociology
Educational program
Social analysis and organizing (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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