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Waste to Energy: A Case Study of Madinah City
King Abdulaziz Univ, CEES, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1019-8677
King Abdulaziz Univ, CEES, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3294-9256
Univ Gujrat, Dept Environm Sci, Gujrat, Pakistan..
Prince Mohamed Bin Fand Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia..
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2017 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLIED ENERGY / [ed] Yan, J Wu, J Li, H, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2017, p. 688-693Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The concept of energy from waste is getting popular nowadays across the globe, as being capable of producing multi fuels and value-added products from different fractions of municipal solid waste (MSW). The energy recovery technologies under this concept are anaerobic digestion (AD), pyrolysis, transesterification, refuse derived fuel (RDF) and incineration. This concept is very relevant to implementation in countries like Saudi Arabia, who wants to cut their dependence on oil. Moreover, the waste to energy becomes the imperative need of the time because of new governmental policy 'Vision 2030' that firmly said to produce renewable energy from indigenous sources of waste, wind and solar and due to given situations of Hajj and Umrah with massive amounts of waste generation in a short period. This study focused on two waste to energy technologies, AD and pyrolysis for food (40% of MSW) and plastic (20% of MSW) waste streams respectively. The energy potential of 1409.63 and 5619.80 TJ can be produced if all of the food and plastic waste of the Madinah city are processed through AD and pyrolysis respectively. This is equivalent to 15.64 and 58.81 MW from biogas and pyrolytic oil respectively or total 74.45 MW of continuous electricity supply in Madinah city throughout the whole year. It has been estimated that the development of AD and pyrolysis technologies will also benefit the economy with net savings of around US $63.51 and US $53.45 million respectively, totaling to an annual benefit of US $116.96 million Therefore, in Saudi Arabia and particularly in Holiest cities of Makkah and Madinah the benefits of waste to energy are several, including the development of renewable-energy, solving MSW problems, new businesses, and job creation and improving environmental and public health. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2017. p. 688-693
Series
Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102 ; 142
Keywords [en]
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), Hajj and Umrah, Anaerobic Digestion (AD), Pyrolysis, Fuel and Energy, Vision 2030
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74913DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.113ISI: 000452901600106OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-74913DiVA, id: diva2:1355948
Conference
9th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE), AUG 21-24, 2017, Cardiff, ENGLAND
Available from: 2019-09-30 Created: 2019-09-30 Last updated: 2019-09-30

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Naqvi, Muhammad

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Rehan, MohammadNizami, Abdul-SattarGardy, JabbarNaqvi, Muhammad
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