Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Implicit and explicit attitudes towards sport among young elite athletes with high versus low burnout symptoms
Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Sport and Exercise Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
Sport and Exercise Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
aboratoire Sport et Environnement Social, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble Cedex, France.
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 37, no 14, p. 1673-1680Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of cynical attitudes towards elite sport is a core symptom of athlete burnout and has been associated with dropout from elite sport. To date, this phenomenon has mainly been studied by investigating explicit attitudes towards sport, whereas athletes’ automatic evaluations (i.e. implicit attitudes) that have been shown to influence behavior as well were not considered. This study aimed to compare explicit and implicit attitudes towards sport of young elite athletes with high (N = 24) versus low (N = 26) burnout symptoms. Using self-reported measures, general and athlete burnout symptoms were assessed. Additionally, a single-target implicit association test was administered to examine participants’ automatic evaluation of sport. Statistical analysis revealed greater emotional/physical exhaustion and sport devaluation in athletes reporting high compared to low burnout symptoms. Implicit attitudes towards sport did not significantly differ between the groups. Furthermore, no significant correlations were observed between different athlete burnout symptoms and implicit attitudes. Athletes with high burnout symptoms show a tendency to explicitly detach themselves from sport, thus fostering sport devaluation as a core symptom of athlete burnout. However, this process does not seem to be reflected in their implicit attitudes towards sport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019. Vol. 37, no 14, p. 1673-1680
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, automatic evaluations, dual mode model, reflective processes, sport
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71742DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1585313ISI: 000473472400013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85062475337OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-71742DiVA, id: diva2:1302666
Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Gustafsson, Henrik

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Gustafsson, Henrik
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences (from 2013)
In the same journal
Journal of Sports Sciences
Sport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 54 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf