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Eleven och atomen: En studie om svårigheter som elever har med atomen och dess egenskaper
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The student and the atom : A study on the difficulties students have with the atom and its properties (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är att belysa och diskutera svårigheter som elever har med atomens uppbyggnad och egenskaper inom den inledande kemidelen i kursen Naturkunskap 2. Undersökningen genomfördes i två steg. I första steget fick eleverna rita sina atommodeller och berätta om dem innan arbetet med kemi började. Samtidigt fick de berätta om svårigheter de upplevt med atomkonceptet. I steg två intervjuades elever efter genomfört kemiavsnitt i kursen om svårigheterna och hur dessa skulle kunna avhjälpas. Intervjuerna transkriberades och i analysarbetet grupperades svaren efter likheter och mönster. Resultatet visade att samtliga elever i urvalsgruppen behövde arbeta mer med atomens uppbyggnad innan de kunde arbeta vidare med kemin inom Naturkunskap 2 kursen. Bland svårigheterna nämnde eleverna att atomen är abstrakt på grund av sin storlek och för att den inte förekommer i vardagliga sammanhang, vidare används många begrepp inom atomkonceptet som de inte bearbetat tillräckligt. Några elever nämnde även en dålig undervisning på grund av täta lärarbyten i grundskolan som orsak till svårigheterna. Eleverna önskade mer samtal i undervisningen både för att bearbeta begrepp och atomkonceptet och för en mer vardagsnära användning av atomen.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to shed light on difficulties that students have with the structure and properties of the atom within the initial chemistry part in the course Science studies 2. The study was conducted in two steps. First the students draw their atomic models and explained what they had drawn. At the same time they told about difficulties they experienced with the concept of the atom. The next part was conducted after completing the chemistry section in the course. Students were interviewed on the difficulties and how they would like to work with the concept of the atom. The interviews were transcribed and in the analysis work the answers were grouped according to similarities and patterns. The result showed that all the students needed to work more with the structure of the atom initially in the course. The students thought that the atom is abstract because of its size and because it is not found in their everyday contexts, many words are used within the atomic concept that the students have not worked with sufficiently. Some students also mentioned a poor teaching because of frequent teacher changes in compulsory school as the cause of the difficulties. The students wanted more conversation in the teaching, both to process concepts and the atomic concept, and for a more everyday use of the atom.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Teachning, atom, chemistry, upper secondary school
Keywords [sv]
Undervisning, atom, kemi, gymnasieskola
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71626OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-71626DiVA, id: diva2:1299538
Educational program
Teacher education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-03-27 Last updated: 2019-04-03Bibliographically approved

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