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Towards explaining time trends in adolescents’ alcohol use: a multilevel analysis of Swedish data from 1988 to 2011
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2773-4616
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5053-8373
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2986-2128
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Alcohol use has decreased among Swedish adolescents in the past few decades. We examined peer and parent factors (i.e., time spent with peers, time spent with parents, and parental monitoring) that could contribute to explaining this trend by investigating their main effects and interaction effects with investigation years on alcohol use. We furthermore examined whether municipality-level socioeconomic conditions could contribute to explaining the trend. Methods: We used data from a repeated cross-sectional study that took place eight times between 1988 and 2011. The study targeted all ninth grade students (15-to-16-year-olds) in Värmland County, Sweden. Adolescents (N = 22,257) reported their monthly alcohol use, time spent with peers and parents, and parental monitoring. Municipality-level socioeconomic conditions were based on parent education levels. Results: Logistic multilevel regression analyses showed that peer and parent factors and municipality-level socioeconomic conditions were associated with alcohol use among adolescents. The interaction effects between peer and parent factors and investigation years were not significant. The decreased trend in time spent with peers was associated with the decreased trend in frequency of alcohol use over time. Conclusion: The findings of the current study provide an indication that the decreased trend in alcohol use that has been observed in Swedish adolescents over the past few decades may be related to changes in adolescents’ social interactions with peers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Adolescent Alcohol Use; Time Trends; Parents; Peer Group; Socioeconomic Factors
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71483DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-71483DiVA, id: diva2:1295873
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012–1736Available from: 2019-03-13 Created: 2019-03-13 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://academic.oup.com/eurpub/advance-article/doi/10.1093/eurpub/ckz023/5374736

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Kim, YunhwanEvans, BrittanyHagquist, Curt

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