Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Lönekonvergens inom EU: Hur har lönerna utvecklats i takt med EU:s mål?
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Wage convergence within the EU : How have wages evolved in line with the goals of the EU? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Europeiska unionen har under lång tid arbetat aktivt för ekonomisk och social gemenskap och utjämning. Den inre marknaden är en av alla politiska åtgärder som EU ligger bakom och verkar genom de fyra friheterna: fri rörelse av varor, tjänster, personer och kapital. Ekonomiska teorier gör tydliga förutsägelser om hur löner och priser kommer att jämna ut sig vid fri rörlighet av arbetskraft, varor, tjänster och kapital. Trots de olika politiska åtgärderna finns det idag skillnader mellan medlemsländerna och uppsatsen syfte blir att undersöka hur utvecklingen har sett ut under 2000-talet, har EU haft den positiva effekt som önskats? Uppsatsen tittar på huruvida skillnaderna mellan länderna i EU har minskat och mer specifikt om lönerna i EU har konvergerat. Undersökningen omfattar 24 länder under åren 2001–2015. För att testa lönekonvergens används de två vedertagna metoderna  s-och b-konvergens. Metoderna syftar till att mäta om fattigare länder har växt snabbare än de rikare och på så sätt kommit ikapp samt om skillnaden i löner mellan länderna har minskat. De erhållna resultaten visar på att en lönekonvergens faktiskt har skett under de undersökta åren. Fattigare länder har haft en högre lönetillväxt än de rikare länderna och även mätning av skillnaderna mellan lönerna över tid har minskat och visar alltså på lönekonvergens. 

Abstract [en]

The European Union have actively worked for an economic and social communion and equalisation for a long time. The internal market is one of the political measures the EU is behind and operates through the four freedoms: free movement of goods, services, persons and capital. Economic theories make evident predictions on how wages and prices will even out with free movement of labour, goods, services and capital. Despite the different political measures there are differences between the member States and the purpose of this essay is therefore to inquire the development during the 21st century and whether EU has had the positive effect desired? The essay will examine whether the differences between the EU member States has decreased and more specifically whether wages in the EU have converged. The study covers 24 countries during the years 2001-2015. The two accepted measures  s-and b-convergence are used to examine wage convergence. The methods aim to measure whether impoverished countries have grown faster than the richer countries and thus caught up. The methods also aim to examine if the difference between the countries have decreased. The results obtained show that wage convergence has actually occurred during the years examined. Impoverished countries have had a higher wage growth than the richer countries. Also, the measurement of the differences between wages has decreased over time and this show wage convergence

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Convergence, The European Union, Wages
Keywords [sv]
Konvergens, Europeiska unionen, Löner
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71318OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-71318DiVA, id: diva2:1291036
Subject / course
Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-03-07 Created: 2019-02-22 Last updated: 2019-03-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

By organisation
Department of Economics and Statistics
Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 73 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf