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Sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet, socioekonomisk status och studieresultat för elever på gymnasiet
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The relationship between physical activity, socioeconomic status and academic achievment for high school students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att analysera sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet och betyg i idrott och hälsa, samt mellan ett viktat betyg i matematik, svenska, engelska och idrott och hälsa och fysisk aktivitet. Studien undersöker vidare om det finns något samband mellan socioekonomisk status och fysisk aktivitet och med ett viktat betyg. Studien utfördes på gymnasieelever från två gymnasieskolor i Örebro och Värmlands län. 158 elever (92 flickor, 66 pojkar) deltog i studien. Det internationella aktivitetsformuläret, IPAQ, användes för skattning av fysisk aktivitet. Eleverna fick uppge sitt senaste betyg i svenska, engelska, matematik och idrott och hälsa samt svara på frågor kopplade till socioekonomiska bakgrundsfaktorer. Resultaten visade att det fanns ett måttligt linjärt samband mellan betyg i idrott och hälsa och fysisk aktivitet (r=0.48); och ett svagt linjärt samband mellan det viktade betyget och fysisk aktivitet (r=0.30). Resultatet visade att de starkaste sambanden återfanns för det socioekonomiska indexet (SEI), både för fysisk aktivitet och (p<0.001, r=0.35) respektive för det viktade betyget (p<0.001, r=0.332). Dock fanns tendenser att sambandet blev starkare vid modelleringen att vid en ökad fysisk aktivitet ökade betygen för att därefter minska när den fysiska aktiviteten ökade ännu mer. 

Ytterligare forskning bör därmed fokusera på huruvida ett för stort fokus på fysisk aktivitet kan hindra skolarbetet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to analyse the correlation between physical activity and the grade in physical education, but also the correlation with a weighted grade (Mathematics, Swedish, English and Physical Education) and physical activity (metabolic index). The study further investigates whether there is any correlation between socioeconomic status and physical activity and socioeconomic status with a weighted grade. The study was carried out on high school students from two upper secondary schools in Sweden. 158 students (92 girls, 66 boys) participated in the study. The international activity form, IPAQ, was used to estimate physical activity. The students were asked to give their latest grades in swedish, english, mathematics and physical education, and answer questions related to socioeconomic background factors. The results showed that there was a moderately linear relationship between grades in physical education and physical activity (r = 0.48); and a weak linear relationship between the weighted grade and physical activity (r = 0.30). The result showed that the strongest correlations were found for the socioeconomic index (SEI), both for physical activity and (p <0.001, r = 0.35) and for the weighted grade (p <0.001, r = 0.33). However, there were tendencies that the correlation became stronger when modelling that with increased physical activity the grades would increase, in order to subsequently decrease when the physical activity increased even more. Further research should focus on whether too much focus on physical activity can impede school work.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
physical activity, IPAQ, metabolic index, socioeconomic status, habitus, grades
Keywords [sv]
fysisk aktivitet, IPAQ, metaboliskt index, socioekonomi, habitus, betyg
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-71014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-71014DiVA, id: diva2:1287742
Subject / course
Sports Science
Educational program
Secondary Education Programme: Upper Secondary Education Programme: Physical Education (300 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-03-01 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-03-01Bibliographically approved

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