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Elevers kunskap och uppfattning om människoskelettet: Jämförelse mellan förskoleklass och grundskolans årskurs tre
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Pupils’ knowledge and perception of the human skeleton : Comparison between pre-school and primary school year three (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie jämförde kunskaper och uppfattningar som elever i förskoleklass och i grundskolans årskurs tre har om människoskelettet och de olika skelettdelarnas struktur och funktion. Fjorton elever tilldelade ett pappersark med en färdigskissad människokropp på och instruerades att rita hur de uppfattade att människoskelettet såg ut. Därefter intervjuades eleverna om sina skelettkunskaper utifrån deras ritningar. Studien omfattade enskilda semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet visade att det fanns en kunskapsutveckling från förskoleklass till grundskolans årskurs tre. Elevers uppfattning i båda årskurserna om skelettdelarnas funktion var att skelettdelarna behövdes för att kunna röra sig, gå, stå, plocka upp och hålla i saker. Dock visade det sig att det enbart var eleverna i grundskolans årskurs tre som hade kunskaper om skelettets funktion, att skydda kroppens inre organ. Vidare visade det sig att eleverna i båda årskurserna hade goda kunskaper om skelettdelarna i lemmarna. Den skelettdel som eleverna i båda årskurserna hade minst kunskap om var höftbenet, jämfört med de andra skelettdelarna.

Abstract [en]

This study compared pre-school and primary school year three pupils’ knowledge and perception regarding structure and function of the human skeleton and the various skeletal components. Fourteen pupils where provided with a sheet of paper consisted of an outline of the human body and were instructed to draw the human skeletal system, as they perceived it to be. Thereafter, the pupils were interviewed on their skeletal knowledge based on their drawings. The study utilized individual semi-structured interviews. The results depicted an increase in knowledge between pre-school and primary year three pupils. In both grades the pupils’ perception of the skeleton component functions were: movement, walking, standing, pick up and hold objects. Nonetheless, only the pupils in primary year three displayed knowledge of the skeleton’s capability to protect the body’s organs. Furthermore, the results showed that the pupils in both grades had adequate knowledge, regarding the skeleton components in the limbs. Pupils in both grades displayed a decreased amount of knowledge regarding the hipbone compared to the rest of the skeleton components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
primary school, children, internal organs system, human body, bones, structure, function, science, biology, anatomy
Keywords [sv]
förskoleklass, grundskola årskurs tre, barn, inre organsystem, människokropp, ben, struktur, funktion, naturvetenskap, biologi, anatomi
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70911OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-70911DiVA, id: diva2:1286053
Subject / course
Teacher Education - Science and Engineering
Educational program
Primary Education Programme, 240 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2019-02-07Bibliographically approved

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d9396a9694a412aab50129680f93ac71293353d0a1ecbc554f5c8c54b314d6af964b083e68b0bd6f959bea3dbbece5c8d317ae67c643812fb7a1d0775fb295ea
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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