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Manufacturing of intermetallic Mn-46%Al by laser powder bed fusion
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9441-2502
Central University of Technology, Free State, South Africa.
Thayer School of Engineering, USA.
Central University of Technology, Free State, South Africa.
2018 (English)In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 74, p. 64-67Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) provides an excellent opportunity to use custom powders for complex objects without extensive machining. This opportunity is attractive for brittle and hard intermetallics, but is challenging due to cracking, anisotropy, and the formation of non-equilibrium phases. The present investigation is focused on a development of the process parameters for pre-alloyed Mn-46 at.%Al gas atomized intermetallic powder, which is a promising magnetic material. A hierarchical approach involving optimization of the process parameters for a single track, a single layer, and then a 3D specimen was applied. The manufacturing of single tracks was performed at scanning speeds of 0.06-3.4 m/s and laser powers of 50-350 W. Test parameters guaranteeing stable single track with constant width and height, and sufficient remelting depth were selected for further manufacturing. Surface morphology, chemical composition, crack density and distribution, and the microstructures in the final materials were investigated. It was shown that the consists mostly of the ε-phase with some amounts of equilibrium γ2 and β phases and the ferromagnetic τ-phase. The presence of the ε-phase shows a potential to use heat treatment to form τ-phase magnetic phase in AM Mn-46 at.%Al. Future investigations will clarify the applicability of LPBF to manufacture Mn-46%Al for magnetic applications. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 74, p. 64-67
Keywords [en]
Hierarchical optimization of process parameters, Intermetallic phase, Laser Powder Bed Fusion, Mn-46 at.%Al alloys, Binary alloys, Intermetallics, Magnetic materials, Magnetism, Manganese alloys, Manufacture, Al-alloy, Chemical compositions, Hierarchical approach, Hierarchical optimization, Laser powders, Magnetic applications, Non-equilibrium phasis, Aluminum alloys
National Category
Materials Engineering
Research subject
Materials Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-70595DOI: 10.1016/j.procir.2018.08.031Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057369130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-70595DiVA, id: diva2:1273086
Conference
10th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies, LANE 2018, 3 September 2018 through 6 September 2018
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Krakhmalev, Pavel

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