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A mixture theory-based concrete corrosion model coupling chemical reactions, diffusion and mechanics
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013). Tech Univ Eindhoven, Ctr Anal Sci Comp & Applicat CASA, Den Dolech 2, NL-5612 AZ Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1160-0007
Tech Univ Eindhoven, Ctr Anal Sci Comp & Applicat CASA, AZ Eindhoven, Netherlands.
2018 (English)In: PACIFIC JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICS FOR INDUSTRY, ISSN 2198-4115, Vol. 10, article id 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A 3-D continuum mixture model describing the corrosion of concrete with sulfuric acid is built. Essentially, the chemical reaction transforms slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) and sulfuric acid into gypsum releasing water. The model incorporates the evolution of chemical reaction, diffusion of species within the porous material and mechanical deformations. This model is applied to a 1-D problem of a plate-layer between concrete and sewer air. The influx of slaked lime from the concrete and sulfuric acid from the sewer air sustains a gypsum creating chemical reaction (sulfatation or sulfate attack). The combination of the influx of matter and the chemical reaction causes a net growth in the thickness of the gypsum layer on top of the concrete base. The model allows for the determination of the plate layer thickness h = h(t) as function of time, which indicates both the amount of gypsum being created due to concrete corrosion and the amount of slaked lime and sulfuric acid in the material. The existence of a parameter regime for which the model yields a non-decreasing plate layer thickness h(t) is identified numerically. The robustness of the model with respect to changes in the model parameters is also investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Springer, 2018. Vol. 10, article id 5
Keywords [en]
Reaction-diffusion, Mechanics, Mixture theory, Concrete corrosion, Sulfatation attack
National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69344DOI: 10.1186/s40736-018-0039-6ISI: 000443948600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-69344DiVA, id: diva2:1249776
Available from: 2018-09-20 Created: 2018-09-20 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Vromans, ArthurMuntean, Adrian

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