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Design of Helix-Rotary Evaporator: Concept development, Design and Material selection
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 300 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Rotationsförångare : Konceptutveckling, konstruktion och materialval (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Tougher environmental legislations are a driving force for development of aftertreatment technologies for truck and car exhaust gases. In particular, the emission requirements are high on nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter. Focus of this thesis work is to develop a component in the exhaust system, a NOx

level reduction system. The currently used technology with urea evaporator has problem with formation of urea crystals due to delayed urea evaporation. Crystalline urea causes reduced exhaust flow and thus build up a pressure in the system that has negative impact on the performance of the engine. Feasibility study was done to understand function, advantage and disadvantages of current design and the need for a new design.

The main task of this project was to investigate and propose a new design of the helix-rotary evaporator and to present it in the form of parametric model. Material selection needed for urea injection arrangement, 3D printed model for visualization of the concept and integration of the model to next generation aftertreatment system (NGA) are examples of sub-tasks that was performed to reach the main objective.

Several generations of selected concept were developed in 3D design which later was 3D printed to visualize the ideas. The parametric 3D model was designed so that it later serves as input model for a later phase in the development project, where computational fluid dynamics is utilized. Parametric modelling is used to provide wide range of possibility to generate different models for simulation and reduce pre-simulation works. Selected concept parametric model has six different parameters that can be analysed. Material selection carried out to injection manifold thought CES Edupack and consultancy of material engineers. Three different austenitic stainless steels were recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
Aftertreatment system, SCR, Urea evaporator
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-68932DiVA, id: diva2:1243021
External cooperation
Scania CV AB
Educational program
Engineering: Mechanical Engineering, spec. in Materials Engineering (300 ECTS credits)
Presentation
2018-06-08, 07:34 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-31 Created: 2018-08-30 Last updated: 2018-08-31Bibliographically approved

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