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Algebra - "det där med x och det": En kvalitativ studie om elever med låga prestationer i matematik och deras upplevelse och problematik inom algebra i gymnasieskolan.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Algebra is an important part of the Swedish curriculum and is something that many students have difficulties with. Every student in upper secondary school in Sweden has to be given opportunities to develop their knowledge according to the curriculum. Therefor it is important to adapt the education conducted in order to give all students possibility to develop their knowledge. The aim of this study is to investigate how students with low achievements in mathematics experience the education in algebra in their first year at a vocational program in upper secondary school and investigate what difficulties they have with algebra. To reach the aim, qualitative interviews with eight students from vocational programs in their first year upper secondary school were conducted. The result shows that the students have a positive view on the recent education in algebra. Their experience put forth the education pace, work models and content and outlines of the lessons. Their difficulties in algebra is related to insecurity and can be explained through difficulties with the mathematic language, flaws in arithmetic and low level of abstraction. The result reinforces previous research and contributes with important knowledge to be aware of when planning and teaching algebra.

Abstract [sv]

Algebra är ett av de centrala innehållen i matematikkurserna och är något som många elever har svårt med. Enligt läroplanen för gymnasieskolan ska skolan ge alla en möjlighet till att utvecklas. Därför är det viktigt att undervisningen utformas så att den ger möjlighet till alla elever att utvecklas. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur elever med låga prestationer i matematik upplever algebraundervisningen i årskurs ett på yrkesförberedande program i gymnasieskolan och undersöka vilka svårigheter dessa elever har i algebra. Kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta elever som går i årskurs ett på yrkesförberedande program i gymnasieskolan genomfördes. Resultatet visar att eleverna har en positiv syn på algebraundervisningen som de nyligen fått. Deras upplevelse handlar om undervisningstempot, arbetsformer och lektionernas innehåll och form. Svårigheterna beror på osäkerhet i att arbeta med algebra och kan förklaras utifrån bristande aritmetiska kunskaper, brister i det matematiska språket och låg abstraktionsförmåga. Resultatet förstärker tidigare forskningsresultat och visar viktiga aspekter att beakta vid planering och utformande av algebraundervisningen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
algebra, education, low achievement, mathematics, upper secondary school, vocational program
Keywords [sv]
algebra, gymnasieskolan, låga prestationer, matematik, undervisning, yrkesförberedande
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-67684OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-67684DiVA, id: diva2:1218781
Subject / course
Teacher Education - Mathematics
Educational program
Secondary Education Programme: Upper-Secondary School: Mathematics (300 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-11-07 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved

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69b847062cbe806f80122bff92ca2c1bc6bfa35507183dfee03e144e9226169a1157f42137b8841e6228392f628e8849bec2007539553131f3b33f2126673230
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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