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Motivational profiles and burnout in elite athletes: A person-centered approach
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4495-6819
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
USA.
Umeå universitet.
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2018 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 35, p. 118-125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to assess the link between elite athletes' motivational profiles and burnout using a person-centered approach. Participants were 391 Spanish elite athletes (201 males and 190 females), aged 16-30 years who completed questionnaires measuring demographic information, self-determined motivation, and athlete burnout. Latent profile analysis resulted in a five profile solution labeled: amotivation (Class 1), low motivation (Class 2), moderately autonomous motivation (Class 3), amotivated and moderately controlled motivation (Class 4), and highly motivated (Class 5). While no significant differences were found in emotional/physical exhaustion, Class 4 (amotivated and moderately controlled motivation) scored higher than classes 2 (low motivation), 3 (moderately autonomous motivation), and 5 (highly motivated) on a Reduced sense of Accomplishment and Sport Devaluation. Findings are discussed in relation to Self-Determination Theory, suggesting that the quality of one's motivation may be equally, if not more important than the quantity of motivation in determining subsequent health, well-being, and performance outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 35, p. 118-125
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Sport and Fitness Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66778DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.11.009ISI: 000426331600014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66778DiVA, id: diva2:1192508
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2018-04-26Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Henrik

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