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Symptom dimensions as outcomes in interventions for patients with cancer: A systematic review
Sahlgrenska Akademien, Göteborgs universitet.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0944-5650
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0417-6161
Sahlgrenska Akademien, Göteborgs universitet.
2018 (English)In: Oncology Nursing Forum, ISSN 0190-535X, E-ISSN 1538-0688, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 237-249Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Symptom experience in patients with cancer consists of several dimensions, often measured descriptively within various populations but seldom used as intervention outcomes. This review aims at describing symptom dimensions as outcomes of interventions designed to alleviate symptoms in patients with cancer and to describe these interventions' effects on at least two symptom dimensions. LITERATURE SEARCH: The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews was used. Searches were undertaken in various indexing sites. DATA EVALUATION: Extracted data included design, participants, intervention and control group treatment, targeted symptom dimension, and summary of results. SYNTHESIS: 2,041 articles were identified and 15 were included. The symptom dimensions were intensity, distress, prevalence, frequency, consequences, and quality. Eleven interventions had significant effect on symptom dimensions, mostly on intensity and distress. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Oncology nurses need clinical skills to be able to understand patients' experiences through their narratives. Various interventions are targeted at symptoms, and these need to be implemented to provide evidence-based symptom management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oncology Nursing Society , 2018. Vol. 45, no 2, p. 237-249
Keywords [en]
Patients with cancer, Symptom dimensions, Symptom distress, Symptom experience, Symptom intensity
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66662DOI: 10.1188/18.ONF.237-249PubMedID: 29466345Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042433293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66662DiVA, id: diva2:1189947
Available from: 2018-03-13 Created: 2018-03-13 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, CeciliaLarsson, Maria

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