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Joint Responsibility at its Peak: Searching for a New Nordic Unemployment Model
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4189-670x
2012 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 171-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Earlier research has shown that the Nordic Ghent systems seem to be weakened. The unemployment insurances administered by the unions have experienced a decline in numbers of members, very similar to the drop in trade union membership. This article takes its point of departure in previous research into the decline in the membership densities of unemployment insurances in several Nordic countries. The article examines these tendencies and focuses on a new and rather atypical example of organizing unemployment systems in a Nordic context, namely that of the Faroe Islands. Based on interviews and documentation analysis, the article describes the system extensively and argues conclusively that the Faroese unemployment insurance system is an example of the deeply rooted Nordic negotiation tradition, albeit in a new context in which the labor market parties stand united to ensure the system’s autonomy from political influence.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aalborg: Aalborg university , 2012. Vol. 2, no 4, p. 171-187
Keywords [en]
Ghent system, Labor market stability, negotiation traditions, political influence, unemployment insurance system, union density
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66376DOI: 10.19154/njwls.v2i4.2310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66376DiVA, id: diva2:1182953
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Arbete som rättighet eller skyldighet: Föreställningar om arbetsmarknadsfrånvaro i välfärdsstaten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbete som rättighet eller skyldighet: Föreställningar om arbetsmarknadsfrånvaro i välfärdsstaten
2018 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Work as a duty or a right : Ideas about labour market absence in the welfare state
Abstract [en]

By analysing how changes in social security systems are motivated, how they are implemented and what consequences they entail for the individual, this dissertation shows how ideological shifts within the Swedish work strategy are put into practice. The findings presented stress that the responsibility for exiting unemployment and/or sick leave has become increasingly a matter for the individual to handle on their own. This is done mainly by lowering the degree of economic and social support to individuals whilst being labour market absent, but also by neglecting investment in long-term efforts aiming to tackle the challenges of labour market absence. Instead, the political strategy is characterised by reducing labour market absence through increasing the supervision and control of individuals living on welfare allowance. The essence of this logic can be summarised by the idea that the individual must be disciplined, activated and, above all, compliant. Combined with a threat of economic sanctions, the individual is steered towards a flexible unemployed individual with the “right” attitude, thus more easily matching today’s pickier labour market. Where work in Sweden previously was a matter of the individual’s right, focus has shifted towards the obligation—in a more unconditional manner—to stand at the disposal of labour market needs and adjust to the demands placed there. This means that the essence of work in the Swedish welfare state has ultimately been transferred towards a more distinct disciplinary domain.

Abstract [sv]

Att vi måste ”bekämpa arbetslösheten” och ”få bukt med sjukskrivningarna” hörs ofta i den politiska debatten. Forskningen som presenteras i denna avhandling framhåller emellertid att ansvaret för att ta sig ur arbetslöshet och sjukskrivning allt mer har förskjutits till individen att hantera på egen hand. Följden är att situationen för individer som står utanför arbetsmarknaden har blivit mer prekär samtidigt som vikten av individens egna förutsättningar att ta sig ur arbetsmarknadsfrånvaron fått ökad betydelse. Där arbete och försörjning tidigare var en tydligare rättighet för individen i välfärdsstaten har fokus förskjutits till att individen på ett mer villkorslöst sätt har en skyldighet att stå till arbetsmarknadens förfogande och anpassa sig till de krav som marknaden ställer. Arbetets funktion i dagens välfärdsstat antar därför tydligare formen av att ytterst vara en disciplinerande verksamhet.

Avhandlingen syftar till att förstå och förklara vilka idémässiga grunder som ansvarsförskjutningen i föreställningar om arbetsmarknadsfrånvaro bygger på samt visa på konsekvenserna härav för individ och samhälle. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018. p. 104
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2018:11
Keywords
Labour market absence, work strategy, ideological shifts, unemployment and individual responsibility
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Working Life Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66381 (URN)978-91-7063-840-4 (ISBN)978-91-7063-935-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-03-22, 12B 257, Karlstad, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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