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Barns hypoteser och initiativ i en fysikaktivitet om flytkraft: En studie om barns initiativ ien problemlösande aktivitet om flyta-sjunka
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Childrens hypotheses andinitiative in a physical activity about floatation : A study about children’s initiativesin a problem solving activity about float-sink (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är att ta reda på hur femåriga barn i förskolan förklarar och kommer på lösningar kring ett problemlösande experiment kring det fysikaliska fenomenet flyta-sjunka. Metoden som valts att använda var videoobservation. Studien baseras på en videoobservation under ca 25 minuter med fyra barn i femårsåldern. Aktiviteten delades in i två olika delar, där första delen fokuserar på hypoteser kring om olika föremål skulle antingen flyta eller sjunka och den andra delen fokuserar på ett problemlösande, där barnen skulle få något som tidigare sjönk att kunna flyta. Resultatet i studien visar på att barnen har fokus på tyngd, form och storlek utifrån om ett föremål ska flyta eller sjunka. Barnen visar också stort intresse och initiativtagande till att lösa den problematiserande uppgiften de fick i början av aktiviteten, de konstruerar och formar olika material och de lyckas forma en aluminiumbåt som bär en kotte och tre stenar.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to find out how five-year-old children explain and find solutions in relation to a problem-solving experiment around the physical phenomenon float-sink. The method that was opted to use was video observation. The study is based on a video observation that lasted for 25 minutes with four children who were around five years old. The activity was divided into two different parts, the first part focused on hypotheses around the outcome of different objects in water, if they would either float or sink. The other part focused on problem solving, where the children should get something that earlier sank to float. The result of the study shows that the children focused on weight, form and size of the objects, in predicting whether they would sink or float. The children also show a big interest and take initiative to solve the problem that they were given in the beginning of the activity. They construct and shape the different materials and they succeed by creating an aluminium boat that could carry a pinecone and three stones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 36
Keywords [en]
Explain, float, sink, sciences, construction, physics, preschool, problem solving, preschoolchildren
Keywords [sv]
Förklara, flyta, sjunka, vetenskap, konstruktion, fysik, förskola, problemlösning, förskolebarn
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66360OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66360DiVA, id: diva2:1182866
Subject / course
Physics
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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