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Semantic patterns in the description of Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump: A semantic analysis of adjectives in the editorials of two U.S. newspapers
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Semantiska mönster i beskrivningen av Hillary Clinton och Donald Trump : En semantisk analys av adjektiv på ledarsidorna i två amerikanska tidningar (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Politicians work hard on how they are perceived by their voters, but what they cannot control is how media portray them. In order to get some insight into how Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump were described during the general election 2016, this study will analyse adjectives from a semantic perspective, which entails semantic classification, sentiment scores and an Appraisal analysis of adjectives found in editorials from The New York Times and The Washington Times. The purpose of this is to reveal if there are any semantic patterns as to how the adjectives were used to describe the candidates and if there is a relationship between these hypothetical patterns and the political affiliations of the newspapers. The findings of this study suggest that there are semantic patterns as to how the presidential candidates are described. Moreover, the results from the analysis of The New York Times seem to display a relationship between the adjectives and the political orientation of the newspaper whereas the results from The Washington Times are less clear, although there are some indications of such a connection.

Abstract [sv]

Politiker arbetar hårt med hur de uppfattas av sina väljare, men vad de inte kan kontrollera är hur media beskriver dem. För att få en inblick i hur Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump beskrevs under valet 2016 kommer denna studie att analysera adjektiv från ett semantiskt perspektiv, vilket involverar klassificering, sentimentvärden och Appraisal-analys av adjektiv som använts på ledarsidorna i The New York Times och The Washington Times. Syftet med detta är att påvisa om det finns några semantiska mönster i hur adjektiv användes för att beskriva kandidaterna och om det finns något förhållande mellan dessa eventuella mönster och tidningens politiska inriktning. Resultaten av denna analys indikerar att det finns semantiska mönster i hur kandidaterna beskrivs och det verkar även som om resultaten från The New York Times överensstämmer med tidningens politiska inriktning. Resultaten från The Washington Times är dock inte lika entydiga, men det finns några indikationer om att en sådan överenstämmelse finns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Appraisal, evaluative adjectives, sentiment, semantics, SentiWordNet
Keywords [sv]
Appraisal, värderande adjektiv, sentiment, semantik, SentiWordNet
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66316OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66316DiVA, id: diva2:1182548
Subject / course
English
Educational program
Secondary Education Programme: Upper-Secondary School: English (300 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-16 Created: 2018-02-13 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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