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1770-talets fria marknad: En skildring om finansminister Johan Liljencrantz frisläppande av spannmålshandeln 1775 och 1780
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The free market of the 1770s : Minister of finance Johan Liljencrantz extrication of the grain trade in 1775 and 1780 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka de ideologiska motiven bakom frisläppandet av spannmålshandeln 1775 och 1780. Utgångspunkten är det funktionalistiska synssättet med handlingsaxiom inom det praxeologiska läran som komplement för att undersöka individernas situation. Tillvägagångssättet blir att undersöka böndernas och statens ekonomiska situation och syn på marknaden före och efter tidigare nämnda årtal.

   Under tidiga 1700-talet var Sverige ett samhälle med starkt statlig kontroll av marknaden med inrikes tullar, premier och fördelar för vissa personer i samhället. Samtidigt under upplysningstiden träder tänkare som Adam Smith, Anders Chydenius och även fysiokrater fram och hävdar att en fri marknad skulle vara till fördel för både landet och individerna, något som Johan Liljencrantz delvis var influerad av. Resultatet av denna uppsats visar att upplysningstiden och fysiokratism låg bakom frisläppandet av spannmålshandeln då fokus centrerades till bondens positiva ekonomiska utveckling.

Abstract [en]

The main purpose in this essay is to research the ideological motives behind the extrication of the grain trade in 1775 and 1780. To do this research I have to see the Swedish state and farmers economic situation before 1775 and after 1775, but also what time Liljencrantz lived in and how relevant the time was to the reform. The starting point for this essay is using the functionalism analysis with action axiom of praxeology in mind to see the relationship between the state and the individual.

   During the early 18th century, Sweden had a mercantile system where the industry had to be protected with high tariffs and a strong nobility owning them. During the enlightenment thinkers like Adam Smith, Anders Chydenius and to some extent physiocrats sought a society with free market that would have the result of more wealth, to the nation as well as to the citizen. The result of this essay is that Liljencrantz reform were the causes of his time and political view, the time of enlightenment and physiocracy to make the farmer more free and prosperous. It was also the start of the more liberal economy that would dominate the Swedish society in the 1800 hundreds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 46
Keywords [en]
Enlightenment, physiocracy, grain trade, agriculture, 18th century.
Keywords [sv]
Upplysningen, fysiokrati, spannmålshandel, jordbruk, 1700-talet.
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66117OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66117DiVA, id: diva2:1180469
Subject / course
History
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-03-14 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2018-03-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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