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Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: A multi-cultural self-determination approach
University Loughborough, England.
Coventry University, England.
University East Anglia, England.
Sichuan University, China.
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2017 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 32, p. 143-152Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Grounded in self-determination theory, the present study examined the cultural invariance of a model that hypothesized sport performers' well-being will be predicted by both their perceptions of motivation and the quality of the relationship held with their coach. Method: Participants (N = 756), originating from five countries (British, Chinese, Greek, Spanish, and Swedish), completed a questionnaire that measured perceived coach-athlete relationship quality, basic psychological need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and well-being. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to analyze the data. Results: Analysis revealed that athletes who perceived a high quality relationship experienced heightened levels of basic need satisfaction. Need satisfaction positively predicted self-determined motivation, which, in turn, linked to enhanced well-being. Moreover, mediation analyses supported the explanatory roles of need satisfaction and self-determined motivation within the model. Lastly, multi-sample SEM invariance testing revealed the model to be largely invariant across cultures. Conclusions: The results support the universal application of self-determination theory and the central role interpersonal relationships play in promoting well-being. Crown Copyright (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 32, p. 143-152
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65819DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004ISI: 000408789600018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-65819DiVA, id: diva2:1177439
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Henrik

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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