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Perceptions of crisis preparedness and motivation: A study among municipal leaders
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Department of Security, Strategy, and Leadership, Swedish Defence University, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 95, p. 83-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The need for communities to be prepared for a wide variety of critical events places considerable responsibility on local municipal leaders. However, few studies have examined how these leaders themselves view crisis, preparedness issues. The purpose of this study was to examine factors that contribute to three aspects of preparedness among municipal leaders: perceived municipal preparedness, perceived individual preparedness and motivation for preparedness work. Six hypotheses were formulated. The research questions were investigated using data from a questionnaire sent out to all Swedish municipalities (N = 290) and four categories of municipal leaders respectively (N = 1101). The response rate was 67%. Data were analyzed by linear regression and logistic regression. Different factors predicted the three outcome variables, which indicates different mental concepts. The hypotheses were partly supported and the results are discussed using self-efficacy theory. The findings have implications for understanding perceived preparedness and motivation, and can be used to e.g. develop crisis management exercises.(C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 95, p. 83-91
Keywords [en]
Crisis preparedness, Motivation, Municipal, Crisis managers, Self-efficacy, Mental concepts
National Category
Psychology Sociology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65478DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2017.02.010ISI: 000399852500008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-65478DiVA, id: diva2:1169746
Available from: 2017-12-29 Created: 2017-12-29 Last updated: 2018-09-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Crisis management: Psychological challenges for leaders
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crisis management: Psychological challenges for leaders
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

“I have my daily duties and then there are the crisis and risk issues in a kind of sideline track /.../ this area tends to be postponed until the summer when we have more time to address it.”

This quotation is from an interview with a Swedish municipal leader. It suggests that everyday work and crisis management are seen as separate tasks. Other leaders, however, see crisis management as part of their regular duties and as integrated with their personal values. It is of interest how municipal leaders perceive crisis management as they will react and act on their perception.

This thesis aims to gain knowledge about how leaders at the municipal level, holding the role as crisis manager, perceive and experience crisis management in the preparedness, acute, and post-crisis phases.

The thesis demonstrates that psychological theories and concepts, especially motivational factors, are of importance for understanding the municipal leaders’ perceptions of their role as crisis manager as well as their challenges, and provides knowledge of value to crisis management development. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis is to gain knowledge about how leaders holding the role as crisis manager at the Swedish municipal level perceive and experience crisis management in different phases.

The thesis comprises four papers (Papers I-IV) based on empirical data. The sample consisted of relevant municipal leaders. Paper I, Paper II, and Paper IV were based on qualitative methods of data collection and analysis, and Paper III on quantitative data. Paper I presents a theoretical model that highlights the complex evaluations underlying managers´ decisions and actions in real-life crisis situations. Paper II contributes further knowledge on how to improve evaluation and thus how learning from crisis experience can be developed. In particular, the importance of  evaluation and the value of group reflection in evaluation are demonstrated. Additionally, Paper II identifies motivational aspects during an event. In Paper III perceived preparedness is analysed in terms of three aspects: perceived municipal preparedness, perceived individual preparedness and motivation. These aspects are explained by different psychological theories and concepts and may serve to understand the driving forces for motivation to work with and to develop crisis preparedness. Paper IV focuses on motivation for preparedness efforts and contributes a model demonstrating the close links between different motivational factors and how these influence one another, as well as emphasizing the central role of experience and the strong role of personal factors in both supporting and diminishing motivation.

In sum, this thesis demonstrates how psychological theories and concepts are important for understanding the municipal leaders’ perceptions of their role as crisis managers. In addition, the knowledge gained in this thesis can be useful for promoting crisis preparedness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018. p. 66
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2018:38
Keywords
crisis, crisis management, crisis preparedness, leadership, learning, motivation, municipal, psychology
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68979 (URN)978-91-7063-873-2 (ISBN)978-91-7063-968-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-11-16, 11D121, Andersalen, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-09-04 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved

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Hede, Susanne

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