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Motivational strategies and the reframing of English: Activity design and challenges for teachers in contexts of extensive extramural encounters
University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7789-9032
University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0127-0999
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). (Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik (CSL))ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0511-4624
University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7751-3942
2018 (English)In: TESOL quarterly (Print), ISSN 0039-8322, E-ISSN 1545-7249, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 247-273Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Motivational strategies are underresearched, and studies so far conducted have been in sociolinguistic contexts where English is not extensively encountered outside the classroom. Given also that little is known about strategies relating to the design and content of classroom activities, the purpose of this study is to identify and critically evaluate strategies focusing on activity design and content in classroom activities that, in a setting where students have extensive extramural English encounters, teachers have found to be effective in generating motivation. Using Dörnyei’s (2001) taxonomy of motivational strategies as an analytical tool, 112 descriptions of motivational activities provided by a randomly drawn sample of secondary EFL teachers in Sweden (N = 252) were content-analyzed with a focus on design and content. Providing support for D€ornyei’s proposals, the results reveal the prominence of activities that enable students to work with authentic materials (cultural artefacts produced for a purpose other than teaching) and in ways that can be experienced as authentic. Activities involving digital technologies which provide opportunities for creativity are also prominent. Use of authentic materials places high demands on teachers’ pedagogical and linguistic skills. In contexts where students respond positively to such activities, teachers’ language awareness skills become of significant importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018. Vol. 52, no 2, p. 247-273
Keywords [en]
motivation; EFL; ESL; motivational strategies; activity design; extramural English; ICT
National Category
Didactics Specific Languages
Research subject
English
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63930DOI: 10.1002/tesq.394ISI: 000434419600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-63930DiVA, id: diva2:1143916
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2013-785Available from: 2017-09-23 Created: 2017-09-23 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved

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Sundqvist, Pia

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Henry, AlastairKorp, HelenaSundqvist, PiaThorsen, Cecilia
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