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Effects on alcohol use of a Swedish school-based prevention program for early adolescents: a longitudinal study
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Univ Orebro, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med Hlth, S-70182 Orebro, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Univ Gaten 2, S-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Hlth Metr, Medicinaregatan 18G, S-41390 Gothenburg, Sweden..
Univ Orebro, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med Hlth, S-70182 Orebro, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5093-4958
Univ Orebro, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med Hlth, S-70182 Orebro, Sweden..
2017 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The aim of the study was to address the lack of evaluations of school-based substance use prevention programs and to conduct a quasi-experimental evaluation of the alcohol use part of the Triad intervention. Methods: Eleven Swedish intervention schools (285 pupils) and three control schools (159 pupils) participated in the evaluation. Baseline measurements were conducted in 2011 before the alcohol part in the prevention program was implemented in the intervention schools (school year 6, ages 12-13). We estimated an Intention-To-Treat (ITT) Difference-in-Difference (DD) model to analyze the effectiveness of the intervention on subsequent alcohol use measured in grades 7, 8 and 9. Results: The main results show no effect on the likelihood of drinking alcohol or drinking to intoxication. Conclusions: The lack of positive effects highlights the need for policy-makers and public health officials need to carefully consider and evaluate prevention programs in order to ensure that they are worthwhile from school, health, and societal perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2017. Vol. 17, 2
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, Evaluation, Intervention
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63884DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3947-3ISI: 000392866200002PubMedID: 28049504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-63884DiVA: diva2:1143459
Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-21 Last updated: 2017-10-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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