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A policymaking perspective on disaster risk reduction in Mozambique
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Centre for natural Disaster Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5514-8374
Uppsala University, Department of Government, Centre for natural Disaster Science.
2017 (English)In: Environmental hazards, ISSN 1464-2867, E-ISSN 1878-5697, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 210-227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Academics and practitioners alike emphasise that public policy plays a key role to support efforts to reduce disaster risks and to buffer the impacts of natural hazards when they occur. This involves developing public policies to promote disaster risk reduction (DRR). However, the public policy dimension has only recently begun to receive attention in empirical research on DRR. Processes of policy change are discussed, yet less often studied, and more empirical research is needed to advance the understanding of the conditions for DRR policy change. Combining insights from adaptation research and public policy theory, this study investigates the long-term development of DRR policy in Mozambique as perceived by multiple stakeholders. The study identifies barriers and enabling factors influencing the DRR policy process over time. Using data from 37 semi-structured interviews, the study finds six main enabling factors supporting DRR policy change. Among the most important enabling factors are past disasters and broad stakeholder involvement. The study also unveils several barriers to DRR policy change, including resource insufficiency and lack of coordination among stakeholders. The study concludes with suggestions for integrating DRR and policy process research and lessons for policymaking in support of DRR over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017. Vol. 16, no 3, p. 210-227
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-63591DOI: 10.1080/17477891.2016.1218820OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-63591DiVA, id: diva2:1140503
Projects
CNDSAvailable from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-12 Last updated: 2018-10-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Navigating in the Midst of Uncertainties: Challenges in Disaster Risk Governance in Mozambique
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Navigating in the Midst of Uncertainties: Challenges in Disaster Risk Governance in Mozambique
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Disasters cause heavy losses for societies and may quickly erode any development efforts. Consequently, disaster risk reduction (DRR) is an integral part of development work that should be addressed at multiple levels. Global DRR frameworks, scholars and practitioners all advocate disaster risk governance (DRG) strategies that are multi-stakeholder, polycentric and multisectoral. While various substantive knowledge gaps and questions arising from multiple risks and the crosscutting nature of DRR have been relatively well addressed, uncertainties relating to multiple DRR actors operating and collaborating at different scales have gained less attention in previous studies.

This thesis investigates the uncertainties in DRG in Mozambique, a low-income country that regularly faces natural hazards. These hazards often cause heavy loss of life and livelihoods and economic damage. The four articles that together constitute this thesis focus on different sets of uncertainties and factors that have constrained or allowed Mozambique to take major steps in this policy area. By exploring strategic and institutional uncertainties related to stakeholder involvement, coordination and policy disputes, this thesis reveals different challenges and opportunities that affect DRR policymaking in Mozambique.

This thesis concludes that Mozambique has managed to take important steps in DRR. However, as a consequence of the different challenges to DRR practice in Mozambique, policymaking can be short-sighted and makes slow progress, thus increasing the disconnect between theory, policies and practice. This thesis thus argues that DRG research and practice need to better take into account power-relations; coordination and capacity issues; and responsibilities and transparency across scales, both in Mozambique and elsewhere.

Abstract [en]

Global disaster risk reduction (DRR) frameworks, scholars and practitioners advocate multi-stakeholder, polycentric and multisectoral strategies for disaster risk governance (DRG). However, previous studies have not adequately addressed uncertainties relating to multiple DRR actors operating and collaborating at different scales. This thesis investigates the uncertainties in DRG in Mozambique, a low-income country that regularly faces natural hazards that often cause heavy loss of life and livelihoods and economic damage. The four articles that together constitute this thesis focus on different sets of uncertainties and factors that have constrained or allowed Mozambique to take major steps in this policy area. By exploring uncertainties related to stakeholder involvement, coordination and policy disputes, this thesis reveals different challenges and opportunities that affect DRR policymaking in Mozambique. This thesis concludes that Mozambique has managed to take important steps in DRR. However, as a consequence of the different challenges to DRR practice in Mozambique, policymaking can be short-sighted and makes slow progress, thus increasing the disconnect between theory, policies and practice. It thus calls for increased attention to be paid to DRG in Mozambique and elsewhere.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018. p. 83
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2018:39
Keywords
disaster risk governance, Mozambique, disaster risk reduction
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-69145 (URN)978-91-7063-875-6 (ISBN)978-91-7063-970-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-10-26, Nyquistsalen, 9C 203, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-10-08 Created: 2018-09-09 Last updated: 2018-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17477891.2016.1218820

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Koivisto, Jenni

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