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Creating space for students' concerns: Embodied feedback practices in hairdressing education
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0060-3285
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7691-2490
2017 (English)In: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, ISSN 2210-6561, E-ISSN 2210-657X, Vol. 14, p. 79-93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore feedback practices in situated activities and how such actions of assessment emerge from embodied participation in classroom interactions between teachers and students. Using video recordings of teacher and student interactions in hairdressing education, we investigate through conversation analysis how feedback practices such as making loops are initiated and enabled between the participants in situated activities. Feedback in the practice of loops is contingent upon an embodied moment-to-moment monitoring and collaboration between the teacher and student, and is initiated with a concern from the student that is responded to by the teacher, enabling feedback to become a common exploration of professional knowledge. Overall, the findings show how feedback is mutually produced, making visible that salient aspects of the education are emanating from the student’s own concern.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 14, p. 79-93
Keywords [en]
Feedback, Assessment, Loops, Vocational education, Participation, Conversation analysis
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-62960DOI: 10.1016/j.lcsi.2017.04.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-62960DiVA, id: diva2:1139709
Available from: 2017-09-08 Created: 2017-09-08 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Återkoppling i interaktion: En studie av klassrumsbaserad bedömning i frisörutbildningen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Återkoppling i interaktion: En studie av klassrumsbaserad bedömning i frisörutbildningen
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Feedback in interaction : A study of classroom assessment in hairdressing education
Abstract [en]

The present dissertation concerns social organization of feedback in ongoing hairdressing education. The central aim is to explore feedback between teacher and student in multimodal interaction within classroom assessment, as co-production of action and student’s participation. Classroom assessment and feedback are understood as social actions situated in interaction.

The empirical data consists of video recordings from two vocational schools. From 31 hours of video material, selections of feedback interactions were made. At first, teacher and student communication in feedback cycles and loops was analysed from a social semiotic perspective. Secondly, examples of student initiated feedback loops were analysed from a conversation analytic perspective. Thirdly, a single case of a teacher and a student interacting through feedback related to creative subject content was analysed from a conversation analytic perspective. 

The analyses show the importance of collaborative use of artefacts and embodied communication in the production of mutual understanding; opening for student initiatives in actions of assessment as well as feedback. Silence and body position were found to be important resources giving the student space to display concern. Participation in feedback practices within creative subject content emerged in a trajectory of problem detection to problem solving, resulting in tacit dimensions of hairdressers’ knowing made explicit.

The findings indicate the importance of taking a participatory perspective on multimodal interaction when exploring actions of assessment and feedback between teacher and student. This study shows how feedback is not only given from the teacher, but also locally produced as a collaborative practice between teachers and students, displaying tacit dimensions of professional knowledge and subject content.

Abstract [sv]

Den här sammanläggningsavhandlingen handlar om återkoppling mellan lärare och elever i frisörutbildning. Med hjälp av videoinspelningar under pågående undervisning utforskas klassrumsbaserad bedömning och återkopplingspraktiker. Eleverna är dels nybörjare som arbetar på övningsdockor, dels elever i slutet av sin utbildning som tar emot kunder i sitt klassrum. Videoanalyserna ger möjlighet att få syn på multimodala aspekter av interaktionen och resultatet visar tydligt hur både kropp och material är viktiga resurser i deltagarnas samspel.

Avhandlingen visar genomgående hur bedömning och återkoppling utgår både från lärares professionella yrkeskunnande och från elevernas egna initiativ på specifika områden där något problem behöver redas ut i relation till deras pågående arbeten. Studiernas detaljerade analyser av deltagarnas multimodala interaktion synliggör hur bedömning och återkoppling kan förstås som sociala handlingar där tal, kropp och artefakter samordnas för att skapa gemensam förståelse och mening.

Avhandlingens bidrag riktar sig mot yrkesutbildning men även andra former för utbildning, eftersom bedömning och återkoppling praktiseras i varje klassrum och utbildningskontext. Avhandlingens delstudier ökar kunskapen om hur återkoppling kan förstås som sociala handlingar där varje deltagare bidrar i skapandet av ömsesidig respons. Att förstå interaktion som multimodal, synliggör hur återkoppling i pågående undervisning möjliggörs genom deltagande och samspel mellan lärare och elever.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2017. p. 120
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2017:34
Keywords
classroom assessment, feedback, vocational education, multimodal interaction, social semiotics, conversation analysis
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-62804 (URN)978-91-7063-810-7 (ISBN)978-91-7063-906-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-13, Nyqvistsalen, 9c203, Karlstads Universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Artikel 3 publicerad som manuskript i avhandlingen.

Available from: 2017-09-25 Created: 2017-08-25 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Öhman, AnnaTanner, Marie

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