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Upplevelsen av att komma ut som homosexuell i vuxen ålder: En fenomenologisk studie
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The Experience of Coming Out as Gay as an Adult : A Phenomenological Study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med uppsatsen var att undersöka upplevelsen av att komma ut som homosexuell i vuxen ålder. Tio deltagare som kom ut i 20 årsåldern eller senare och i dag lever som öppet homosexuella intervjuades. Genom analys med Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis identifierades sex teman: heteronormen, komma ut, validering – invalidering, vikten av gemenskap och tillhörighet, identitet/identitetsprocess samt förebilder. Heteronormen var det allra största temat, som tillsammans med komma ut, validering – invalidering och identitet/identitetsprocess gav en mångfacetterad bild av deltagarnas upplevelser av att komma ut som homosexuella i vuxen ålder. Bland annat visar studien hur deltagarnas identitetsprocesser och komma ut-processer hänger samman genom att deltagarna upplevde en starkare och mer grundad känsla av identitet efter att de hade kommit ut. Heteronormen påverkade deltagarnas upplevelse av sig själva innan de kom ut, och påverkade även deras upplevelse av själva komma ut-processen. Slutsatsen som drogs är att heteronormen påverkar deltagarnas liv ur flera aspekter och att den spelar en stor roll i deras upplevelse av att komma ut.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this essay was to explore the experience of coming out as gay as an adult. Ten participants, disclosing their homosexuality in their twenties or later, and living as openly gay today, were interviewed. Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, six themes were identified: the heterosexual norm, coming out, validation – invalidation, the importance of community and belonging, identity/identity process, and role models. Together, these themes gives the big picture of the participants’ experience of coming out as gay. They show how the participant’s identity processes and coming out processes are linked, and how the heteronormativity influences the participants’ experiences of themselves before they came out as gay, as well as their experience of the coming out process as a whole. The conclusion that were drawn is that the heteronormativity influences the participants’ lives in many ways and plays an important role in their coming out.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
homosexuality, coming out, heteronormativity, sexual stigma.
Keyword [sv]
homosexualitet, komma ut, heteronormen, sexuellt stigma.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-57028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-57028DiVA: diva2:1120365
Educational program
Master Programme in Psychology with Emphasis on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) (120 ECTS credits)
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2017-07-06Bibliographically approved

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