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Ångest, depressiva symptom och emotionsreglering hos ungdomar: En kvantitativ studie om maladaptiva emotionsregleringsstrategier och dess relation med ångest samt depressiva symptom hos ungdomar
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
: A quantitative study on maladaptive emotional regulation strategies and its relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms in adolescents (English)
Abstract [sv]

En kvantitativ studie genomfördes med syfte att undersöka sambandet mellan de maladaptiva emotionsregleringsstrategierna oro, ruminering samt undantryckande och ångest samt depressiva symptom hos ungdomar. Syftet med studien var även att undersöka om oro, ruminering samt undantryckande kunde förklara någon varians i ångest samt depressiva symptom hos ungdomar. Populationen som undersöktes var ungdomar som gick i åttonde och nionde klass, totalt deltog 2958 stycken ungdomar. Insamlad data kommer från det pågående projektet trestadsstudien vilket är en longitudinell studie pågående från 2014 till 2018, studien har använt data som är insamlad vid ett mättillfälle under våren 2015. Studien var delvis utformad som en korrelationsdesign och delvis som en regressionsdesign. Resultatet visade att det fanns signifikanta positiva samband mellan samtliga maladaptiva emotionsregleringsstrategier och att det fanns signifikanta positiva samband mellan alla emotionsregleringsstrategier och ångest samt depressiva symptom. Två stycken multipla regressioner genomfördes sedan med de maladaptiva emotionsregleringsstrategierna som prediktorvariabler och ångest samt depressiva symptom som beroende variabler. Resultatet från de multipla regressionsanalyserna visade att samtliga undersökta maladaptiva emotionsregleringsstrategier var signifikanta prediktorer för både ångest samt depressiva symptom hos ungdomar. Sammantaget pekar studiens resultat på att maladaptiva emotionsregleringsstrategier har en relation med internaliserande problematik i form av ångest samt depressiva symtom hos ungdomar och således kan vara ett område för preventiva insatser hos denna målgrupp.

Abstract [en]

A quantitative study was conducted with the purpose to investigate the relationship between the maladaptive emotional regulation strategies worry, rumination and suppression and anxiety and depressive symptoms in adolescents. The purpose of the study was also to investigate whether worry, rumination and suppression could explain any variance in anxiety and depressive symptoms in adolescents. The population surveyed was adolescents in the eighth and ninth grade, a total of 2958 adolescents participated in the study. The collected data came from the ongoing project trestadsstudien, which is a longitudinal study in progress from 2014 to 2018, the study has used data collected in spring 2015. The study was partly designed as a correlation design and partly as a regression design. The result showed that there were significant positive correlations between all maladaptive emotional regulation strategies and that there were significant positive correlations between all emotional regulation strategies and anxiety as well as depressive symptoms. Two multiple regressions were then performed with the maladaptive emotional regulation strategies as prediction variables and anxiety as well as depressive symptoms as the dependent variables. The results of the multiple regression analyses demonstrated that all investigated maladaptive emotional strategies were significant predictors for both anxiety and depressive symptoms in adolescents. In summary, the study results that maladaptive emotional regulation strategies have a relation to internalising problems in the form of anxiety as well as depressive symptoms in adolescents and thus may be an area for preventive interventions in this target group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Worry, Rumination, Suppression, Anxiety, Depressive symptoms
Keyword [sv]
Oro, Ruminering, Undantryckande, Ångest, Depressiva symptom
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-55389OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-55389DiVA: diva2:1120271
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Study program in Case Management (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-05 Last updated: 2017-07-06Bibliographically approved

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