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Are fire safe cigarettes actually fire safe?: Evidence from changes in US state laws
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1189-9950
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7143-8793
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety (from 2013). (Centrum för Personsäkerhet)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6928-0683
2018 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 193-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA.

METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates.

RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates. The estimates for cigarette-caused fire deaths were significant under some specifications, but were not robust to the inclusion of state-specific trends or comparisons to effects on other cause-determined fires.

CONCLUSIONS: Given the mixed state of our results, we conclude that previous claims regarding the effects of fire safe cigarette laws may be premature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018. Vol. 24, no 3, p. 193-198
Keywords [en]
Fire safety standard compliant cigarettes, Legislation, Lower ignition propensity, Outcome Evaluation, Reduced ignition propensity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-56822DOI: 10.1136/injuryprev-2017-042322PubMedID: 28630083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-56822DiVA, id: diva2:1119739
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Bonander, CarlJakobsson, NiklasNilson, Finn

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