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Are fire safe cigarettes actually fire safe?: Evidence from changes in US state laws
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences. (Centrum för Personsäkerhet)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1189-9950
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7143-8793
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences. (Centrum för Personsäkerhet)
2017 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, 2017-042322Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA.

METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates.

RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates. The estimates for cigarette-caused fire deaths were significant under some specifications, but were not robust to the inclusion of state-specific trends or comparisons to effects on other cause-determined fires.

CONCLUSIONS: Given the mixed state of our results, we conclude that previous claims regarding the effects of fire safe cigarette laws may be premature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2017. 2017-042322
Keyword [en]
Fire safety standard compliant cigarettes, Legislation, Lower ignition propensity, Outcome Evaluation, Reduced ignition propensity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-56822DOI: 10.1136/injuryprev-2017-042322PubMedID: 28630083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-56822DiVA: diva2:1119739
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedhttp://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2017/06/19/injuryprev-2017-042322

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