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Akademisk self-efficacy, socialt stöd och stöttning/guidning som prediktorer för livstillfredsställelse: En kvantitativ studie om studenters livstillfredsställelse och akademiska self-efficacy
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Academic self-efficacy, social support and support/guide as predictor for life satisfaction : A quantitative study about students life satisfaction and academic self-efficacy (English)
Abstract [sv]

En kvantitativ studie gjordes där syftet var att undersöka relationen mellan akademisk self-efficacy och livstillfredsställelse samt om akademisk self-efficacy, stöd från familj/vänner och stöttning/guidning från lärare/handledare kan förklara livstillfredsställelsen hos svenska studenter. Frågeställningarna för studien löd: 1. Kan akademisk self-efficacy förklara variansen i livstillfredsställelsen hos studenter? 2. Kan akademisk self-efficacy tillsammans med socialt stöd från familj/vänner och stöttning/guidning från lärare eller handledare förklara variansen i livstillfredsställelsen hos studenter? Deltagarna i studien var svenska studenter från olika universitet och 275 studenter deltog i studien. Enkäten skapades i Survey & Report, som skickades ut via itslearning vid Karlstads universitet och facebook grupper som var inriktade på studenter. Mätinstrumentet Academic Self-Efficacy Scale mätte akademisk self-efficacy och Satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) mätte livstillfredsställelsen hos studenterna. Resultatet visade att det fanns ett signifikant positivt samband mellan prediktorerna akademisk self-efficacy, socialt stöd från familj och/eller vänner och stöttning från lärare eller handledare och livstillfredsställelsen hos studenterna. En hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys genomfördes där två modeller testades. Resultatet visade att modell ett, med akademisk self-efficacy som prediktor, predicerade livstillfredsställelse. Resultatet visade också att modell två, med akademisk self-efficacy, socialt stöd och stöttning/guidning som prediktorer, predicerade livstillfredsställelse. Studiens resultat skulle kunna användas av universitet och lärare i deras arbete med att få studenter att må bättre. För att om lärare stärker studenters akademiska self-efficacy, så kan studenter även få en högre livstillfredsställelse.

Abstract [en]

A quantitative study was conducted with the purpose to investigate the relationship between academic self-efficacy and life satisfaction, and further if academic self-efficacy, support from family/friends and support/guidance from teachers/supervisors could add any explanation to the satisfaction of life in Swedish students. The research questions were: 1. Can academic self-efficacy explain the variance in life satisfaction among students? 2. Can academic self-efficacy along with social support from family/friends and support/guidance from teachers or supervisors explain more of the variance in life satisfaction among students? Participants were Swedish students from different universities and 275 subjects participated in the study. The survey was created in Survey & Report, which was sent out on itslearning at Karlstad University and facebook groups that focused on students. The measuring instrument Academic Self-Efficacy Scale measured academic self-efficacy and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) measured the students life satisfaction. Results showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the predictors academic self-efficacy, social support from family/friends and support from teachers/supervisors and life satisfaction among students. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted where two models were tested. The result of model one with academic self-efficacy, showed that academic self-efficacy predicted life satisfaction. The result also showed that model two with academic self-efficacy, social support and support/guidance also predicted life satisfaction. The result of the study could be used by universities and teachers, in their efforts to make students feel better. If teachers manage to strengthen the students academic self-efficacy, the students can also achieve a higher level of life satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Academic self-efficacy, life satisfaction, students, survey
Keyword [sv]
Akademisk self-efficacy, livstillfredsställelse, studenter, enkät
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-56737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-56737DiVA: diva2:1119109
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Study program in Case Management (180 ECTS credits)
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-05 Created: 2017-07-03 Last updated: 2017-07-05Bibliographically approved

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