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Positiva och negativa affekter avseende sömnlöshet: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader i studenters affekter avseende ingen, låg eller medel grad av insomni
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Positive and negative affects regarding on insomnia : A quantitative study on the differences in student’s affects regarding none, low ormedium degree of insomnia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Nyttan med studien var att bidra till ökad kunskap och förståelse om fenomenen affekter och insomni. Eftersom individer i dagens samhälle tycks sova mindre var det av intresse att genomföra en kvantitativ studie med syftet att undersöka om positiva samt negativa affekter skiljer sig åt avseende grad av insomni. Målgruppen som undersöktes var svenska studenter över 18 år och totalt besvarade 216 studenter en enkät som skickades ut i olika studentgrupper på Facebook. Studenternas grad av insomni mättes med hjälp av instrumentet Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Positiv samt negativ affekt mättes med hjälp av skalan Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scales (PANAS). Resultatet redovisades genom två oberoende envägs-variansanalyser. Den första variansanalysen visade en signifikant skillnad mellan positiv affekt avseende ingen, låg och medel grad av insomni. Även den andra variansanalysen visade en signifikant skillnad mellan negativ affekt avseende ingen, låg och medel grad av insomni. För att finna mellan vilka grupper skillnaderna befann sig utfördes två Scheffe Post-hoc test. Slutsatsen av resultatet var att individer i grupp ingen/låg grad av insomni upplevde högre positiva affekter och lägre negativa affekter. Individer i grupp medel grad av insomni upplevde lägre positiva affekter och högre negativa affekter. Resultatet kan vidare bidra med viktig information som kan resultera i att studenthälsan på universitet och högskolor får bättre möjlighet att arbeta preventivt mot problemet. 

Abstract [en]

The usefulness of the study was to contribute to increased knowledge and understanding of the phenomena affect and insomnia. Since individual in today’s society seem to sleep less, it was interesting to conduct a quantitative study with the purpose of investigating whether positive and negative affects differ in terms of degree of insomnia. The target group was swedish students over the age of 18 and a total of 216 students answered a questionnaire sent to different student groups on Facebook. Students degree of insomnia was measured using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) instrument. Positive and negative affects were measured using the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scales (PANAS) instrument. The result was reported by two independent one-way variance analyzes. The first variance analyze showed a significant difference in positive affects between none, low and medium degree of insomnia. There was also a significant difference in negative affects between none, low and medium degree of insomnia. To find out between which groups the differences were, two Scheffe Post-hoc Tests were performed. The conclusion of the result was that at none/lower levels of insomnia, positive affects were promoted and at higher degree of insomnia, positive affects were reduced. At none/lower degree of insomnia, negative affects were decreased and at higher degree of insomnia, negative affects were increased. The result can also provide important information that can result in student health at the universities and collages getting greater opportunities to work preventively against the problem. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 30 p.
Keyword [sv]
positiv affekt, negativ affekt, insomni, variansanalys, studenter
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-55422OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-55422DiVA: diva2:1115398
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Study program in Case Management (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-05 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2017-07-05Bibliographically approved

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