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Discourse particles - markers of "Powerless" and "Inferior" speech?
2003 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
Abstract [en]

Titel: Discourse Particles – Markers of ”Powerless” and ”Inferior” Speech? A Study of “You Know” and its Functions in Face-to-Face Conversation Författare: Huldén, Ann-Charlotte Antal sidor: 24 The discourse particle you know is extremely common in spoken English. It is used by more or less everyone in everyday communication, serving a variety of different functions. The aim of this paper was to examine these various functions of you know in face-to-face communication. Previous research has often claimed that it functions as a confirmation-seeker and turn-yielder and since it seems as if it often occurs together with other phrases of hesitation, I also wanted to try to find out if the use of this particle is associated with powerlessness. Since women are often considered as less powerful than men when it comes to communicating, the gender perspective was therefore also taken into account. The investigation is based on taped material from a graduate seminar in the United States which is concluded in a larger study carried out by Erica Sandlund, and my survey shows that, according to what previous research has found, you know can serve many different functions in spontaneous English conversation. After having analysed the material, these different instances were put into six sub-categories, namely word-searching, clarifying, repair, “uh,” “uhm” and YK, YK together with other particles, and YK in final position. The results support previous research in many ways. Mostly, you know was used to show the speaker’s uncertainty about how well s/he was coming across, but since the teacher’s use of the particle differed from that of the students in that she used it as a rhetorical strategy, the conclusion that it is not always a sign of powerlessness can be drawn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. , 26 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-53890Local ID: ENG D-13OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-53890DiVA: diva2:1102450
Subject / course
English
Available from: 2017-05-29 Created: 2017-05-29

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