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Från Norge hemsända personer - arbetsvandrare, lösdrivare och kriminella 1894-1902
2005 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
Abstract [en]

Migrations and work migrations exist all over the world and have occurred throughout our history. The mobility that the work migrations express however form a contrast to the preva-lent opinion of the older times self-subsistent households and social isolation. Work migra-tions during the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century stand out as important ele-ments in a historical period of time between the agrarian peasant culture and the industrialized Sweden. The entire society was, more or less, affected by the work migrations and the Swedes wandered all over Sweden but also further into Norway – which during this period of time was in union with Sweden. The mobile labour was however hard to control and this in its turn led to problems for the authorities. In the year 1901, for example, an extra county- sheriff post had to be created in Charlottenberg to: “ease the permanent county sheriff’s… heavy burden of work on account of the more and more increasing banishment of Swedes from Norway in a state of destitu-tion”. The deported were dispatched by rail – one-way ticket to Charlottenberg. This “poor- peoples lift” – which also travelled in the opposite direction – continued for about 70 years starting in the later half of the 19th century. In Värmlands county secretariats “protocol regarding deported persons from Norway” during the years 1894 – 1902 we meet vagrants, poor people and criminals but we also meet migrant workers, however captured at one point of time and in a specific connection – namely in the police system. By a survey of the above-mentioned source material I have, together with a comparative analysis with some other similar Swedish phenomenon, in this study at-tempted to describe, illustrate and define the work migration that occur in the source material. Some of the banished could certainly with perfect justice be regarded as vagrants, crimi-nals and a danger to the public. But at the same time has the research given a suspicion of a deep-seated reality of poverty and destitution. The work migrations could for many people imply an improved situation in life but for the migrant workers who appear in my study it rather seems as if the work migrations led to trouble and privations than romance. After all struggles remained often a physically and psychologically broken down human being who had to be taken cared of by the public.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , p. 73
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-50004Local ID: HIS D-5BOAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-50004DiVA, id: diva2:1099631
Subject / course
History
Available from: 2017-05-29 Created: 2017-05-29

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf