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Health promotion work among youth with HIV in Khayelitsha, South Africa: - An interview study
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hälsofrämjande arbete bland unga med HIV i Khayelitsha, Sydafrika : - En intervjustudie (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: It is important to treat youth with HIV and their families appropriately and to understand what they are going through. How can health care professionals work to promote a good health for the HIV positive youth? Aim: Describe health care professionals´ health promotion work among youth with HIV in Khayelitsha, South Africa. Method: Qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews. Content analysis was used to analyze the interviews. Results: The result was presented in one theme and three categories with eight associated subcategories. The main result was that Tender Loving Care is the core of the health promotion work. Another important factor is to encourage and support the patient as well as to give information. A holistic view of humanity is fundamental in health promotion work among youth with HIV in Khayelitsha, South Africa.  Discussion: It is important to promote a good health despite a chronic illness as HIV. Therefore, it is of great importance for health care professionals to have a sound knowledge of health promotion work regarding youth living with HIV. In Khayelitsha it is not always easy to target these youths and their families with health promotion work because of stigma in a dysfunctional society. The health promotion work for HIV occurs in the context of a dysfunctional society with damaged children and into that you put HIV. Conclusion: Health care professionals in Khayelitsha are struggling with multiple challenges in their health promotion work among youth. South Africa has been hard affected, even though apartheid ended in 1994 one can still see consequences from it. Poverty and prevalence of HIV is still high and it is an ongoing battle in the country to promote a good health among youth with HIV. One can not only look at the health promotion work without taking into account how the society looks. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Health care professionals, Youth, HIV, South Africa, Health promotion
Keywords [sv]
Vårdpersonal, Unga, HIV, Sydafrika, Hälsofrämjande
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-48011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-48011DiVA, id: diva2:1076791
Subject / course
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, Graduate Diploma
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2017-02-23 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved

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