Energy and spectrum efficient user association in 5G heterogeneous networks
2016 (English)In: 2016 IEEE 27th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 2016, 1-6 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Due to the dense small cell deployment to cope with the increased data traffic of fifth generation (5G) networks, the direct backhaul (BH) connection of all small cells to the core network becomes challenging. To that end, millimeter wave (mmWave) is a promising solution for cost-efficient high capacity small cell BH links. However, due to the severe signal attenuation at high frequencies, mmWave can provide good coverage only for short distances, thus favoring a multi-hop 5G BH architecture. In this context, user association that impacts both the network and user performance calls for BH-aware strategies. Hence, in this paper, we study the user association problem aiming at the joint energy and spectrum efficiency maximization of the network, without compromising the user quality of service. The problem is formulated as a generalized assignment problem, which considers the capacity and energy consumption both in the access network and BH links. Provided that the considered problem is shown to be NP-hard, we employ optimization techniques to obtain an upper bound on system performance. We also propose a low complexity algorithm, which is shown to outperform the state-of-the-art while achieving near-optimal performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 1-6 p.
Telecommunications Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47788DOI: 10.1109/PIMRC.2016.7794877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-47788DiVA: diva2:1069841