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Winter sheltering by juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta): effects of stream wood and an instream ectothermic predator
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences. (Naturresurs rinnande vatten)
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences. (Naturresurs rinnande vatten)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4417-6636
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2220-1615
2017 (English)In: Freshwater Biology, ISSN 0046-5070, E-ISSN 1365-2427, Vol. 62, no 1, 111-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In boreal streams, juvenile salmonids spend substantial amounts of time sheltering in the streambed and in stream wood, presumably as a means of protection against the physical environment and from terrestrial endothermic predators. Relatively little is known about sheltering by salmonids in response to instream ectothermic predators.We tested the effects of burbot (Lota lota) on the winter sheltering behaviour of PIT-tagged 0+ brown trout (Salmo trutta) in daylight and darkness. Sheltering in the streambed by trout was studied in the presence and absence of fine wood bundles.We found that the use of streambed and fine wood was lower in darkness than in daylight. Availability of fine wood significantly decreased sheltering in the streambed, and this effect was more pronounced in daylight than in darkness. The presence of a burbot significantly decreased sheltering in the streambed, had no effect on use of fine wood and resulted in a higher number of exposed trout.Our results indicate that juvenile brown trout decrease streambed sheltering in response to a burrowing, ectothermic predator.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 62, no 1, 111-118 p.
Keyword [en]
cover, lotic, predator avoidance, small woody debris, substratum
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47174DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12854OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-47174DiVA: diva2:1047194
Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-17 Last updated: 2017-07-03Bibliographically approved

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Enefalk, ÅsaWatz, JohanGreenberg, LarryBergman, Eva
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