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Classmate characteristic’s, class composition and children’s perceived classroom climate
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2718-0104
Department of Health Metrics, Gothenburg, University Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1113-7478
2017 (English)In: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2198-1833, E-ISSN 1613-2238, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 473-480Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM:

A beneficial classroom climate is vital for school achievements, health, well-being, and school satisfaction. However, there is little knowledge as to how the classmate characteristics and class composition are related to the level of a perceived messy and disorderly classroom climate and whether the estimated relationships vary between different groups of children. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between classmate characteristics as well as class composition and children's perceived classroom climate.

METHOD:

Data from a cross-sectional survey administrated in 71 classes including 1,247 children in a mid-sized Swedish city were used. The analyses were conducted using multilevel models.

RESULTS:

A class with a higher proportion of girls was associated with a lower likelihood of perceiving the classroom climate as messy and disorderly. Moreover, a higher proportion of immigrant children in a class was associated with a perception of a messier and disorderly classroom climate among non-immigrant children, but not among immigrant children themselves.

CONCLUSION:

Classmate characteristics and class composition deserve more research attention and can be important considerations when aiming to improve the classroom climate and children's well-being in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Weinheim, 2017. Vol. 25, no 5, p. 473-480
Keywords [en]
Children, Class composition, Classroom climate, Public health sciences, School health promotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41220DOI: 10.1007/s10389-017-0809-0ISI: 000418467900004PubMedID: 28959519OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-41220DiVA, id: diva2:916792
Note

Artikeln ingick som manuskript i Louise Perssons doktorsavhandling och hade då titeln: Classmate characteristic’s, class composition and children’s perceived classroom disruption

Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-04-04 Last updated: 2019-11-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Health Promotion in Schools: Results of a Swedish Public Health Project
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health Promotion in Schools: Results of a Swedish Public Health Project
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Hälsofrämjande arbete i skolan : Resultat från ett folkhälsoprojekt
Abstract [en]

All children have the right to a safe school environment that promotes good health. The fact that children’s feeling of well-being is declining is a vital public health concern. Health promotion in schools can help to create an environment that fosters good health, and the Swedish school environment is in need of improvement.

The main aim of the thesis was to examine the health promotion activities that have been performed in Karlstad municipality primary schools between 2006 and 2012, from different perspectives, focusing on the school environment.

This thesis includes four studies. Studies I and II are qualitative, and are based on interviews with all school managers in a municipality and children’s suggestions for improvement, respectively. Studies III and IV are quantitative and feature a cross-sectional design based on a questionnaire that was distributed at different points in time.

In study I the categories: ‘Organization and collaboration’, ‘Optimize the arena’ and ‘Strengthening the individual’ emerged as vital by the school managers in health promotion, to enable ‘Opportunities for learning and a good life’. In Study II, ‘Psychosocial climate’ and ‘Influence’ emerge by the children as essential to increase school satisfaction and improve social relations among peers. Study III shows that classmates’ characteristics and class composition were associated with different perceptions of the classroom climate. Study IV shows that the school environment improved during 2005-2011 in the project municipality schools, and compared to the other municipalities in the county.

In sum, it is always important to endeavor to provide a health supportive school environment, as it is a vital prerequisite for children’s health, well-being and academic achievements. This thesis contributes to the field by showing what is needed to enhance future health promotion in Swedish schools from different perspectives, to improve children’s opportunities for learning and a good life.

Abstract [en]

All children have the right to a safe school environment that promotes good health. Health promotion in schools can help to create an environment that fosters good health. The aim of this thesis was to examine the health promotion activities that have been performed in Karlstad municipality primary schools, between 2006 and 2012 from different perspectives, focusing on the school environment. The results complement with new knowledge about how schools work with health promotion, and describe how school satisfaction and social relations might be improved, if children’s perspectives are considered in the planning of health promotion. The school environment has improved in the Karlstad municipality secondary schools 2005-2011, at both the municipality- and school level. The thesis contributes to the field of public health sciences, by showing what might be needed to further enhance school health promotion in Sweden and thereby improving schoolchildren’s opportunities for learning and living a good life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016. p. 106
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2016:24
Keywords
Children, Health Promotion, Mental Health, Schools, School Environment, Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41218 (URN)978-91-7063-702-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-13, Agardh 11D257, Karlstad, 11:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-04 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Persson, LouiseSvensson, Mikael

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