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Disability in Relation to Different Peer-Victimization Groups and Psychosomatic Problems
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7872-5808
Karolinska institutet.
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Children & Schools, ISSN 1532-8759, E-ISSN 1545-682X, Vol. 38, nr 3, artikkel-id 153-161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between disability, victims, perpetrators, and so-called "bully-victims" (someone reporting being both a victim and a perpetrator) of traditional, cyber, or combined victimization or perpetration and psychosomatic health among adolescents. Authors analyzed cross-sectional data from 3,820 Swedish students (ages 13 through 15) using linear and multinomial regression. The results show that students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, involved in both traditional and cyber victimization. Authors did not find any differences between adolescents with a disability and others with respect to the association between peer victimization and psychosomatic health. When developing intervention programs, schools may take a comprehensive approach due to the relatively large overlap between traditional and cyber victimization. Targeting groups with known disadvantages may also help reach out to bully-victims.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford University Press, 2016. Vol. 38, nr 3, artikkel-id 153-161
Emneord [en]
adolescents; bully-victims; cyber victimization; peer victimization; psychosomatic health
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38995DOI: 10.1093/cs/cdw022ISI: 000379764300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-38995DiVA, id: diva2:892784
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-01-11 Laget: 2016-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
2013 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents, focusing on gender, psychosomatic problems, and disability, and to gain insight into health staff’s experience of bullying in schools.

The four studies in this thesis were based on surveys undertaken among 3,800 adolescents in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in Sweden, as well as focus groups of 16 people consisting of school social workers and school nurses.

While almost no gender differences were found among traditional victims, Study I showed that girls were more likely than boys to be cybervictims. Boys were more likely than girls to be traditional bullies, while girls were equally as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. Study II showed that psychosomatic problems were associated with being a victim, a bully or a bully-victim. Cyberbullying showed no stronger association with psychosomatic problems than traditional bullying. Study III: Three main categories emerged from school health staff’s experience: 1) “Anti-bullying team”; 2) “Working style”; and 3) “Perspectives on bullying”. The last two each comprised two sub-categories: “Team member”/“Single worker”; and “Contextual perspective”/“Individual-oriented perspective”. Study IV showed that, regardless of gender and grade, students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, bully-victims involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. No differences between disabled adolescents and others were found with respect to the association between bullying and psychosomatic health.

The results show that some adolescents are more likely to experience higher levels of psychosomatic health problems than others. They also show that some adolescents are more likely to be involved in bullying, either as victims, bullies or bully-victims. This thesis also discusses contextual and individual approaches adopted by schools in preventing bullying.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. s. 100
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:31
Emneord
adolescents, cyberbullying, bullying, school
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28613 (URN)978-91-7063-509-0 (ISBN)
Disputas
2013-09-27, Rejmersalen (9C204), Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

Article 4 was in manuscriptform at the time of the thesis defense.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-06 Laget: 2013-08-12 Sist oppdatert: 2016-10-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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