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The influence of the temperature on the initial phase of sodium bisulfite pulping of spruce
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4841-2568
MoRe research.
Domsjö.
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper.
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: O Papel, ISSN 0031-1057, Vol. 76, nr 4, s. 56-61Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 76, nr 4, s. 56-61
Nyckelord [en]
Bisulfite pulping, cellulose, glucomannan, kinetics, lignin, spruce, thiosulfate and xylan
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemiteknik
Forskningsämne
Kemiteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-36025DiVA, id: diva2:812221
Tillgänglig från: 2015-05-18 Skapad: 2015-05-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-10-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. The initial phase of the sodium bisulfite pulping of softwood dissolving pulp
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The initial phase of the sodium bisulfite pulping of softwood dissolving pulp
2015 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The sulfite pulping process is today practised in only a small number of pulp mills around the globe and the number of sulfite mills that use sodium as the base (cation) is less than five. However, due to the increasing interest in the wood based biorefinery concept, the benefits of sulfite pulping and especially the sodium based variety, has recently gained a lot of interest. It was therefore considered to be of high importance to further study the sodium based sulfite process to investigate if its benefits could be better utilized in the future in the production of dissolving pulps. Of specific interest was to investigate how the pulping conditions in the initial part of the cook (≥ 60 % pulp yield) should be performed in the best way.

Thus, this thesis is focused on the initial phase of single stage sodium bisulfite cooking of either 100 % spruce or 100 % pine wood chips. The cooking experiments were carried out with either a lab prepared or a mill prepared cooking acid and the temperature and cooking time were varied. Activation energies for different wood components were investigated as well as side reactions concerning the formation of thiosulfate and sulfate.

Abstract [en]

Single stage sodium bisulfite cooking was carried out on either spruce or pine wood chips to investigate the influence of several process parameters in the initial phase of such a cook i.e. between 100 % and 60 % pulp yield. The cooking experiments were carried out with either a lab prepared or a mill prepared cooking acid and the temperature and time in the initial stage were varied. The influence of dissolved organics and inorganics components in the cooking liquor on the final pulp properties and side reactions were investigated. The impact of temperature and time on the pulp components were analyzed with respect to carbohydrates, lignin, extractives and thiosulfate. Kinetic equations were developed and the activation energies for delignification and carbohydrate dissolution were calculated using the Arrhenius equation.

It was found that if using a mill prepared cooking acid, this had a beneficial effect with respect to side reactions, better extractives removal and higher pH stability during the cook, compared to a corresponding cook with a lab prepared cooking acid. Cooking with mill prepared and lab prepared cooking acids showed the same behaviour with respect to delignification and carbohydrate degradation, but the lab acid experiments resulted in a higher thiosulfate formation during the cook. The cellulose yield was not affected at all during the initial phase of the sulfite cook verifying earlier results by other researchers. The temperature had an influence on both the delignification rate and the rate of hemicelluloses removal.  The corresponding activation energies were found to increase in the following order; cellulose, xylan, glucomannan and lignin.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2015. s. 54
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2015:34
Nyckelord
Activation energy, bisulfite pulping, cellulose, delignification, extractives, glucomannan, hemicelluloses, lignin, pine, spruce, thiosulfate, total SO2, xylan
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan kemiteknik Kemiska processer
Forskningsämne
Kemiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-36494 (URN)978-91-7063-652-3 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-09-25, 9 C 203, Karlstad University, Karlstad, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsen
Anmärkning

Artikel 1: "The Initial Phase of Sodium Bisulfite Pulping of Spruce: Part 1" ingick i avhandlingen som manuskript. Nu publicerad.

Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-04 Skapad: 2015-06-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-03-31Bibliografiskt granskad
2. The initial phase of sodium sulfite pulping of softwood: A comparison of different pulping options
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The initial phase of sodium sulfite pulping of softwood: A comparison of different pulping options
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Single stage and two-stage sodium sulfite cooking were carried out on either spruce, pine or pure pine heartwood chips to investigate the influence of several process parameters on the initial phase of such a cook down to about 60 % pulp yield. The cooking experiments were carried out in the laboratory with either a lab-prepared or a mill-prepared cooking acid and the temperature and time were varied. The influences of dissolved organic and inorganic components in the cooking liquor on the final pulp composition and on the extent of side reactions were investigated. Kinetic equations were developed and the activation energies for delignification and carbohydrate dissolution were calculated using the Arrhenius equation. A better understanding of the delignification mechanisms during bisulfite and acid sulfite cooking was obtained by analyzing the lignin carbohydrate complexes (LCC) present in the pulp when different cooking conditions were used. It was found that using a mill-prepared cooking acid beneficial effect with respect to side reactions, extractives removal and higher stability in pH during the cook were observed compared to a lab-prepared cooking acid. However, no significant difference in degrees of delignification or carbohydrate degradation was seen.

 The cellulose yield was not affected in the initial phase of the cook however; temperature had an influence on the rates of both delignification and hemicellulose removal. It was also found that the  corresponding activation energies increased in the order:  xylan, glucomannan, lignin and cellulose. The cooking temperature could thus be used to control the cook to a given carbohydrate composition in the final pulp. Lignin condensation reactions were observed during acid sulfite cooking, especially at higher temperatures. The LCC studies indicated the existence of covalent bonds between lignin and hemicellulose components with respect to xylan and glucomannan. LCC in native wood showed the presence of phenyl glycosides, ϒ-esters and α-ethers; whereas the α-ethers  were affected during sulfite pulping. The existence of covalent bonds between lignin and wood polysaccharides might be the rate-limiting factor in sulfite pulping.

Abstract [en]

The sulfite pulping process is today practised in only a small number of pulp mills around the globe and the number of sulfite mills that use sodium as the base (cation) is less than five. However, due to the increasing interest in the wood based biorefinery concept, the benefits of sulfite pulping and especially the sodium based variety, has recently gained a lot of interest. It was therefore considered to be of high importance to further study the sodium based sulfite process to investigate if its benefits could be better utilized in the future in the production of dissolving pulps. Of specific interest was to investigate how the pulping conditions in the initial part of the cook (≥ 60 % pulp yield) should be performed in the best way.

Thus, this thesis is focused on the initial phase of sodium based single stage bisulfite, acid sulfite and two-stage sulfite cooking of either 100 % spruce, 100 % pine or 100 % pine heartwood chips. The cooking experiments were carried out with either a lab prepared or a mill prepared cooking acid and the temperature and cooking time were varied. Activation energies for different wood components were investigated as well as side reactions concerning the formation of thiosulfate. LCC (Lignin carbohydrates complexes) studies were carried out to investigate the influence of different cooking conditions on lignin carbohydrate linkages.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016. s. 81
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2016:43
Nyckelord
Activation energy, acid sulfite pulping, bisulfite pulping, cellulose, delignification, dissolving pulp, extractives, glucomannan, hemicelluloses, lignin, lignin condensation, lignin carbohydrate complexes, pine, spruce, thiosulfate, total SO2, xylan
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemiteknik
Forskningsämne
Kemiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-46929 (URN)978-91-7063-726-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2016-12-15, Rejmersalen, 9C204, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsenKempestiftelsernaMoRe ResearchDomsjö FabrikerKnut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse
Anmärkning

Artikel 5 publicerad som manuskript i avhandlingen. 

Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-25 Skapad: 2016-10-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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http://www.revistaopapel.org.br/noticia-anexos/1429279310_29eb26fc0d4c8b291249afce5603e4f7_1710352591.pdf

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