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Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa. (Centre for reserach of child and adolescent mental health)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7872-5808
2013 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents, focusing on gender, psychosomatic problems, and disability, and to gain insight into health staff’s experience of bullying in schools.

The four studies in this thesis were based on surveys undertaken among 3,800 adolescents in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in Sweden, as well as focus groups of 16 people consisting of school social workers and school nurses.

While almost no gender differences were found among traditional victims, Study I showed that girls were more likely than boys to be cybervictims. Boys were more likely than girls to be traditional bullies, while girls were equally as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. Study II showed that psychosomatic problems were associated with being a victim, a bully or a bully-victim. Cyberbullying showed no stronger association with psychosomatic problems than traditional bullying. Study III: Three main categories emerged from school health staff’s experience: 1) “Anti-bullying team”; 2) “Working style”; and 3) “Perspectives on bullying”. The last two each comprised two sub-categories: “Team member”/“Single worker”; and “Contextual perspective”/“Individual-oriented perspective”. Study IV showed that, regardless of gender and grade, students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, bully-victims involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. No differences between disabled adolescents and others were found with respect to the association between bullying and psychosomatic health.

The results show that some adolescents are more likely to experience higher levels of psychosomatic health problems than others. They also show that some adolescents are more likely to be involved in bullying, either as victims, bullies or bully-victims. This thesis also discusses contextual and individual approaches adopted by schools in preventing bullying.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. , s. 100
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:31
Nyckelord [en]
adolescents, cyberbullying, bullying, school
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28613ISBN: 978-91-7063-509-0 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-28613DiVA, id: diva2:639930
Disputation
2013-09-27, Rejmersalen (9C204), Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

Article 4 was in manuscriptform at the time of the thesis defense.

Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-06 Skapad: 2013-08-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-10-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Discrepant gender patterns for cyberbullying and traditional bullying: An analysis of Swedish adolescent data
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Discrepant gender patterns for cyberbullying and traditional bullying: An analysis of Swedish adolescent data
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 1896-1903Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In the wake of the rapid development of modern IT technology, cyberspace bullying has emerged among adolescents. The aim of the present study was to examine gender differences among adolescents involved in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Cross-sectional data from 2989 Swedish students aged 13–15 were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The results show discrepant gender patterns of involvement in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. First, although there were only minimal gender differences among traditional victims, girls are more likely than boys to be cybervictims when occasional cyberbullying is used as a cut-off point. Second, whereas boys are more likely to be traditional bullies, girls are as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. In conclusion, compared to traditional bullying, girls are generally more involved in cyberbullying relative to boys. We discuss these results in the light of adolescents’ usage of computerized devices.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2013
Nyckelord
Adolescents, Bullying, Cyberbullying, Gender, School
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälsovetenskaper Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Samhällskunskap; Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26997 (URN)10.1016/j.chb.2013.03.010 (DOI)000321169600012 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2013-04-22 Skapad: 2013-04-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-02Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Does the association with psychosomatic health problems differ between cyberbullying and traditional bullying?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Does the association with psychosomatic health problems differ between cyberbullying and traditional bullying?
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, ISSN 1363-2752, E-ISSN 1741-2692, Vol. 17, nr 3-4, s. 421-434Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The association between mental health problems and traditional bullying is well known,whereas the strength of the association in cyberbullying is less known. This study aimedto compare the association between mutually exclusive groups of bullying involvementand psychosomatic problems as measured by the PsychoSomatic Problems scale. Thesample comprised 3820 students (13–16 years old) in Sweden. The results indicate anassociation between bullying and psychosomatic problems, regardless of type of bullyinginvolvement. No statistically significant differences in psychosomatic problemswere found between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, either for victims or forbullies. The results do not confirm the hypothesis that the association between bullyingand mental health is stronger for cyberbullying than for traditional bullying. Anotherimportant finding is that cyberbullies seem as likely as cybervictims to be at risk formental health problems.

Nyckelord
adolescents, bullying, cyberbullying, mental health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-14677 (URN)10.1080/13632752.2012.704228 (DOI)
Projekt
Skolan förebygger
Tillgänglig från: 2012-09-06 Skapad: 2012-09-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-17Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Views of Bullying and Antibullying Working Styles Among School Nurses and School Social Workers in Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Views of Bullying and Antibullying Working Styles Among School Nurses and School Social Workers in Sweden
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of School Violence, ISSN 1538-8220, E-ISSN 1538-8239, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 438-459Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28947 (URN)10.1080/15388220.2015.1084234 (DOI)000375793300004 ()
Anmärkning

I avhandlingen med titeln Perspectives on bullying : a study among school nurses and school social workers in Sweden

Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-06 Skapad: 2013-09-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-07-04Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Disability in Relation to Different Peer-Victimization Groups and Psychosomatic Problems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Disability in Relation to Different Peer-Victimization Groups and Psychosomatic Problems
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Children & Schools, ISSN 1532-8759, E-ISSN 1545-682X, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 153-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between disability, victims, perpetrators, and so-called "bully-victims" (someone reporting being both a victim and a perpetrator) of traditional, cyber, or combined victimization or perpetration and psychosomatic health among adolescents. Authors analyzed cross-sectional data from 3,820 Swedish students (ages 13 through 15) using linear and multinomial regression. The results show that students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, involved in both traditional and cyber victimization. Authors did not find any differences between adolescents with a disability and others with respect to the association between peer victimization and psychosomatic health. When developing intervention programs, schools may take a comprehensive approach due to the relatively large overlap between traditional and cyber victimization. Targeting groups with known disadvantages may also help reach out to bully-victims.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford University Press, 2016
Nyckelord
adolescents; bully-victims; cyber victimization; peer victimization; psychosomatic health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38995 (URN)10.1093/cs/cdw022 (DOI)000379764300005 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2016-01-11 Skapad: 2016-01-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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