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Discrepant gender patterns for cyberbullying and traditional bullying: An analysis of Swedish adolescent data
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa (from 2013).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7872-5808
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa (from 2013).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2986-2128
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa (from 2013).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4364-6966
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 1896-1903Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In the wake of the rapid development of modern IT technology, cyberspace bullying has emerged among adolescents. The aim of the present study was to examine gender differences among adolescents involved in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Cross-sectional data from 2989 Swedish students aged 13–15 were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The results show discrepant gender patterns of involvement in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. First, although there were only minimal gender differences among traditional victims, girls are more likely than boys to be cybervictims when occasional cyberbullying is used as a cut-off point. Second, whereas boys are more likely to be traditional bullies, girls are as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. In conclusion, compared to traditional bullying, girls are generally more involved in cyberbullying relative to boys. We discuss these results in the light of adolescents’ usage of computerized devices.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 29, nr 5, s. 1896-1903
Emneord [en]
Adolescents, Bullying, Cyberbullying, Gender, School
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Samhällskunskap; Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26997DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.03.010ISI: 000321169600012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-26997DiVA, id: diva2:617070
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-04-22 Laget: 2013-04-22 Sist oppdatert: 2020-04-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
2013 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents, focusing on gender, psychosomatic problems, and disability, and to gain insight into health staff’s experience of bullying in schools.

The four studies in this thesis were based on surveys undertaken among 3,800 adolescents in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in Sweden, as well as focus groups of 16 people consisting of school social workers and school nurses.

While almost no gender differences were found among traditional victims, Study I showed that girls were more likely than boys to be cybervictims. Boys were more likely than girls to be traditional bullies, while girls were equally as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. Study II showed that psychosomatic problems were associated with being a victim, a bully or a bully-victim. Cyberbullying showed no stronger association with psychosomatic problems than traditional bullying. Study III: Three main categories emerged from school health staff’s experience: 1) “Anti-bullying team”; 2) “Working style”; and 3) “Perspectives on bullying”. The last two each comprised two sub-categories: “Team member”/“Single worker”; and “Contextual perspective”/“Individual-oriented perspective”. Study IV showed that, regardless of gender and grade, students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, bully-victims involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. No differences between disabled adolescents and others were found with respect to the association between bullying and psychosomatic health.

The results show that some adolescents are more likely to experience higher levels of psychosomatic health problems than others. They also show that some adolescents are more likely to be involved in bullying, either as victims, bullies or bully-victims. This thesis also discusses contextual and individual approaches adopted by schools in preventing bullying.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. s. 100
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:31
Emneord
adolescents, cyberbullying, bullying, school
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28613 (URN)978-91-7063-509-0 (ISBN)
Disputas
2013-09-27, Rejmersalen (9C204), Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

Article 4 was in manuscriptform at the time of the thesis defense.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-06 Laget: 2013-08-12 Sist oppdatert: 2016-10-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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