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Discrepant gender patterns for cyberbullying and traditional bullying: An analysis of Swedish adolescent data
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7872-5808
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2986-2128
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4364-6966
2013 (English)In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 1896-1903Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the wake of the rapid development of modern IT technology, cyberspace bullying has emerged among adolescents. The aim of the present study was to examine gender differences among adolescents involved in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Cross-sectional data from 2989 Swedish students aged 13–15 were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The results show discrepant gender patterns of involvement in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. First, although there were only minimal gender differences among traditional victims, girls are more likely than boys to be cybervictims when occasional cyberbullying is used as a cut-off point. Second, whereas boys are more likely to be traditional bullies, girls are as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. In conclusion, compared to traditional bullying, girls are generally more involved in cyberbullying relative to boys. We discuss these results in the light of adolescents’ usage of computerized devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 29, no 5, p. 1896-1903
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, Bullying, Cyberbullying, Gender, School
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Samhällskunskap; Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26997DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.03.010ISI: 000321169600012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-26997DiVA, id: diva2:617070
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents, focusing on gender, psychosomatic problems, and disability, and to gain insight into health staff’s experience of bullying in schools.

The four studies in this thesis were based on surveys undertaken among 3,800 adolescents in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in Sweden, as well as focus groups of 16 people consisting of school social workers and school nurses.

While almost no gender differences were found among traditional victims, Study I showed that girls were more likely than boys to be cybervictims. Boys were more likely than girls to be traditional bullies, while girls were equally as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. Study II showed that psychosomatic problems were associated with being a victim, a bully or a bully-victim. Cyberbullying showed no stronger association with psychosomatic problems than traditional bullying. Study III: Three main categories emerged from school health staff’s experience: 1) “Anti-bullying team”; 2) “Working style”; and 3) “Perspectives on bullying”. The last two each comprised two sub-categories: “Team member”/“Single worker”; and “Contextual perspective”/“Individual-oriented perspective”. Study IV showed that, regardless of gender and grade, students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, bully-victims involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. No differences between disabled adolescents and others were found with respect to the association between bullying and psychosomatic health.

The results show that some adolescents are more likely to experience higher levels of psychosomatic health problems than others. They also show that some adolescents are more likely to be involved in bullying, either as victims, bullies or bully-victims. This thesis also discusses contextual and individual approaches adopted by schools in preventing bullying.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. p. 100
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:31
Keywords
adolescents, cyberbullying, bullying, school
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28613 (URN)978-91-7063-509-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-27, Rejmersalen (9C204), Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Article 4 was in manuscriptform at the time of the thesis defense.

Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-08-12 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Beckman, LindaHagquist, CurtHellström, Lisa

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