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A gender perspective of self-perceived oral health in adolescents. Associations with attitudes and behaviours
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
2001 (English)In: Community Dental HealthArticle in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objective To investigate the associations between dental attitudes and behaviours, and self-perceived oral health from a gender perspective in an adolescent population.

Design A census survey. Self-reported questionnaires were answered anonymously in a standardised manner in classrooms. Studied attitudes included the importance of sound teeth and feelings towards visits to the dentist. Behaviours were represented by floss usage and sweets consumption.

Setting All senior and upper secondary level schools in Skaraborg County, Sweden.

Subjects 17,280 students, aged 13 18 years.

Outcome measures Self-perceived oral health, represented by a single-item rating; satisfaction with the appearance of the teeth; self-assessed gum bleeding; and a perceived oral health (POH) index.

Results Recognising sound teeth as important was a predominating attitude among the respondents (boys 94%, girls 97%) and was significantly associated with a good perceived oral health in all aspects. Individuals who experienced visits to dentist as unpleasant (boys 36%, girls 43%) were less likely to perceive good oral health as single-item rated (OR for boys 0.55[0.49,0.63] and for girls 0.40[0.34,0.47]). Regular use of floss did not prevent bleeding gums. Daily sweets consumption showed a significant and inverse association with self-perceived oral health as single-item rated (OR for boys 0.53[0.44,0.66], girls 0.49[0.40,0.60). Girls, more often than boys, perceived their oral health to be good, except in the perception of the appearance of their teeth.

Conclusions It is concluded that the strong associations between attitudes and self-perceived oral health should be recognised in strategies for oral health promotion and that gender differences must be considered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001.
Keywords [en]
adolescents, self-perceived oral health, attitudes, behaviours, questionnaire
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Dental Hygiene
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-16543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-16543DiVA, id: diva2:590132
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-21

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Östberg, Anna-Lena

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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