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Does the association with psychosomatic health problems differ between cyberbullying and traditional bullying?
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7872-5808
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2986-2128
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4364-6966
2012 (English)In: Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, ISSN 1363-2752, E-ISSN 1741-2692, Vol. 17, no 3-4, p. 421-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The association between mental health problems and traditional bullying is well known,whereas the strength of the association in cyberbullying is less known. This study aimedto compare the association between mutually exclusive groups of bullying involvementand psychosomatic problems as measured by the PsychoSomatic Problems scale. Thesample comprised 3820 students (13–16 years old) in Sweden. The results indicate anassociation between bullying and psychosomatic problems, regardless of type of bullyinginvolvement. No statistically significant differences in psychosomatic problemswere found between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, either for victims or forbullies. The results do not confirm the hypothesis that the association between bullyingand mental health is stronger for cyberbullying than for traditional bullying. Anotherimportant finding is that cyberbullies seem as likely as cybervictims to be at risk formental health problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 17, no 3-4, p. 421-434
Keywords [en]
adolescents, bullying, cyberbullying, mental health
National Category
Social Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-14677DOI: 10.1080/13632752.2012.704228OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-14677DiVA, id: diva2:550075
Projects
Skolan förebyggerAvailable from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Swedish Adolescents: Gender differences and associations with mental health
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents, focusing on gender, psychosomatic problems, and disability, and to gain insight into health staff’s experience of bullying in schools.

The four studies in this thesis were based on surveys undertaken among 3,800 adolescents in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in Sweden, as well as focus groups of 16 people consisting of school social workers and school nurses.

While almost no gender differences were found among traditional victims, Study I showed that girls were more likely than boys to be cybervictims. Boys were more likely than girls to be traditional bullies, while girls were equally as likely as boys to be cyberbullies. Study II showed that psychosomatic problems were associated with being a victim, a bully or a bully-victim. Cyberbullying showed no stronger association with psychosomatic problems than traditional bullying. Study III: Three main categories emerged from school health staff’s experience: 1) “Anti-bullying team”; 2) “Working style”; and 3) “Perspectives on bullying”. The last two each comprised two sub-categories: “Team member”/“Single worker”; and “Contextual perspective”/“Individual-oriented perspective”. Study IV showed that, regardless of gender and grade, students with a disability were more likely to be bully-victims and, more particularly, bully-victims involved in both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. No differences between disabled adolescents and others were found with respect to the association between bullying and psychosomatic health.

The results show that some adolescents are more likely to experience higher levels of psychosomatic health problems than others. They also show that some adolescents are more likely to be involved in bullying, either as victims, bullies or bully-victims. This thesis also discusses contextual and individual approaches adopted by schools in preventing bullying.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. p. 100
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:31
Keywords
adolescents, cyberbullying, bullying, school
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-28613 (URN)978-91-7063-509-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-27, Rejmersalen (9C204), Universitetsgatan 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Article 4 was in manuscriptform at the time of the thesis defense.

Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-08-12 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Beckman, LindaHagquist, CurtHellström, Lisa

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