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Efficiency of preventive actions for landslides and flooding – evaluation of Scandinavian practices
SGI.
SGI.
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2992-9572
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2011 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Preventive actions can be, and are frequently, taken to reduce accidents and their consequences in different ways. The MSB funded research programme "Effects of Society's Security actions" (ESS, 2009-2013) aims to study the relationship between such actions and their effects. The program is divided into three subgroups: Frequent accidents Natural hazards (such as flooding, erosion and landslide) Chemical and landfill accidents The results presented here covers natural hazards with focus on land slides and flooding. The results are based on Swedish/Scandinavian contexts. Natural events such as erosion,flooding and land slides are common, but the number of accidents (events causing severe negative impact) is rare. Therefore, in such analysis there is limited data and other information available which can be used for example in statistical analysis of actions and their effects. Instead, the analysis must be based on other information. Therefore, the analysis may have to include aspects that only can be assessed by scenario and "what-if" analyses. In this project the main method has been interviews with officials in Swedish municipalities and national agencies in Sweden and Norway. The two levels are chosen since policies are taken on national (or international) level, while the key actionsand actors are on the municipal level. The interviews cover experiences and potential scenarios. In all municipalities, one politician and officials working with planning and rescue service have been interviewed. The study covers hazard and risk mapping, follow up of such maps, physical planning and lessons learned from previous events and activities. The final outcome of the research will be a review of what is found to be well functioning, identification of weak points and recommendations for the management of landslides, erosion and flooding. The present results indicate that hazard/risk maps are of great importance, but the knowledge about the maps and how to use them varies depending on who you ask and between municipalities. Most officials in municipalities are aware of climate change (CC) but, due to high uncertainties and since climate induced events such as natural hazards are rare, the issues are often not prioritized. Further, the results indicate that the documentation, communication and the responsibilities among different units is not always clear, having impacts on for example the knowledge transfer to new personnel. Also databases can be useful tools. The project has found that the use of such tools varies between Norway and Sweden. The aim is to identify the reasons for such deviation. The mostly mentioned suggestions of improvement in the prevention process are increased knowledge, user friendly guidance, clear organisational structure and responsibilities and nationally provided ear marked funding for preventive measures.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cambridge, MA: Digital Library for Physics and Astronomy , 2011.
Nyckelord [en]
NATURAL HAZARDS / Disaster risk analysis and assessment
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Geovetenskap(ersätts med naturgeografi)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13112Lokalt ID: #NH21B-1512OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-13112DiVA, id: diva2:524043
Konferens
American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2011, San Francisco
Tillgänglig från: 2012-04-27 Skapad: 2012-04-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFMNH21B1512B

Personposter BETA

Nyberg, LarsJohansson, MagnusPersson, Erik

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Nyberg, LarsJohansson, MagnusPersson, Erik
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Centrum för klimat och säkerhetAvdelningen för hälsa och miljö
Naturvetenskap

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