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Reaktioner, handlingsmönster och erfarenheter hos räddningspersonal under och efter en svår insats: resultaten av forskningsprojektet stressreaktioner, copingstrategier och psykiska följdverkningar hos räddningspersonal under och efter en brandkatastrof - en prospektiv studie
Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
2003 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

94 rescue workers, 88 men and 6 women, participated in the rescue operation at the large nightclub fire in Gothenburg, Sweden. These were firefighters, paramedics and other medical personnel. Through a unique research effort by Ingela Jonsson, trained nurse, extensive empirical material on the experiences and reactions of the rescue teams was collected.

Participant observations were conducted as early as the morning after the fire. Interviews with 12 individuals and a working team were conducted from the day after the fire and up to fifteen months after, and two separate questionnaires were administered one month, and five months, after the disaster. Her work eventually led to the research project Stress reactions, coping strategies and psychological repercussions during and after a fire disaster – a prospective study, which was financed by the Överstyrelsen för Civil Beredskap [Swedish Agency for Civil Emergency Planning], ÖCB. The present report accounts for the findings of this project.

The rescue personnel carried out a professional rescue action characterized by focus, courage, mental and physical strength, and great perseverance throughout the operation. The mental mobilization, beginning at the emergency call, followed a clear course of action characterized by concentration of forces, focusing of attention, temporary shutting down of emotional functions, and subordination of thoughts and actions below the acute operative goal; the saving of lives. Analysis of the material did not indicate that the rescue action led to damages to the psychological well being of participants. Instead, the material indicates that the rescue personnel felt proud of and pleased with their performance, and that there was a positive impact on self-esteem and degree of experience. On the whole, the rescue workers’ state of health was good or very good. However, medical personnel, women and debriefing leaders show a slight increase in symptoms as compared to firefighters.

A probable explanation is that the firefighters were part of a working team. For the firefighters, the team was crucial in carrying out the operation, but also for dealing with the post-action process. The analyses and results also showed that individual psychological trauma theory, which constituted the interpretative basis in the original design of the project, presents limitations in understanding the professional realities of rescue workers, since it does not account for the importance of the team and the organization in carrying out rescue operations. Findings in this study are consistent with other recent research in this area.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2003. , s. 197
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2003:9
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-13056ISBN: 91-85019-25-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-13056DiVA, id: diva2:517525
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-04-24 Laget: 2012-04-24 Sist oppdatert: 2014-10-15bibliografisk kontrollert

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