Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
English outside the classroom: Does it have an impact on learners' oral proficiency?
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centre for Research on the Teaching and Learning of Languages and Literature. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0511-4624
2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present paper is based on data from an ongoing research project aiming to investigate possible effects of extramural English (EE) on oral proficiency (OP) in EFL. EE can be described as linguistic activities that students do or are involved in outside the classroom in their spare time. The study is based on speech data collected from Swedish 9th grade EFL students (N=80) in four school classes on five occasions during one school year. Speech was elicited using five interactional speaking tests, and students were assigned to random dyads on each occasion. The students were assessed qualitatively by three raters and a total of 1,140 assessments were made. In addition to the speech and rater assessment material, questionnaire data (background questionnaire and language diaries) of students EE were collected. To answer the main research question, if EE has an effect on OP, statistical software is used. However, a quantitative method of analysis cannot make any claims regarding causality or the direction of causality between two variables, in this case EE and OP; nevertheless, it can point to relationships between variables. My study shows a significant positive correlation (.307**, Spearman, 2-tailed) between students total time spent on EE and their mean OP grade. Other research questions address the relative importance of different EE activities for OP and possible differences regarding EE habits between genders and the four classes, which are from schools situated in communities of varying size and socio-economic status. Eight EE activities were listed in the language diary and of these activities students report spending most time on (1) music, followed by (2) video games, (3) TV, (4) films, (5) the Internet, (6) other activities, (7) books, and (8) newspapers/magazines. There is large individual variation in the amount of time spent on EE. Significant differences are found between the four classes for overall time spent on EE (p=.035) and for one activity, namely music (p=.048). In terms of gender, there are significant differences for video games (p=.000) and the Internet (p=.016), two activities for which boys report more time than girls. Correlation analyses of EE and OP show particularly interesting results for gender and for less proficient learners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
Keywords [en]
out-of-school learning, oral proficiency, vocabulary, second language acquisition, gender, Subject Didactics, Other research relevant to Teachers Education
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
English
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-11037DiVA, id: diva2:494601
Conference
National Forum for English Studies: Knowledge Performance
Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2014-09-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Sundqvist, Pia

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sundqvist, Pia
By organisation
Centre for Research on the Teaching and Learning of Languages and LiteratureDepartment of Languages
Languages and Literature

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 207 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf