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The Value of a Statistical Life in Sweden: Estimates from Two Studies using the "Certainty Approach" Calibration
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för nationalekonomi och statistik. Dept. of Economics, Swedish Business School, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1113-7478
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 430-437Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Stated preference methods using surveys to elicit willingness to pay have been shown to suffer from hypothetical bias and scope/scale bias. Hypothetical bias usually means that willingness to pay is exaggerated in the hypothetical scenario and scope/scale bias means that there is an insensitivity in willingness to pay with regard to the amount of goods or the size of a good being valued. Experimental results in social psychology and economics have shown that only trusting the most certain respondents can potentially solve the problem with hypothetical bias and scope/scale bias. This paper presents the results of two different surveys in Sweden estimating the willingness to pay to reduce traffic mortality risks by only including the most certain respondents. Using the full sample, estimates of the value of a statistical life (VOSL) are $4.2 and $7.3 million. Estimates of VOSL on the subset of the samples only including the most certain respondents are lower and consistent between the two surveys with values of $2.9 and $3.1 million.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2009. Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 430-437
Nyckelord [en]
Value of a statistical life, Contingent valuation, Hypothetical bias, Calibration, Certainty approach
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-10993DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.01.005PubMedID: 19393789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-10993DiVA, id: diva2:494556
Tillgänglig från: 2012-02-08 Skapad: 2012-02-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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