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Solidarity in the neighbourhood, social support at work and psychosomatic health problems
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9541-3673
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2986-2128
2009 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2198-1833, E-ISSN 1613-2238, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 265-271Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to analyse the link between psychosocial factors in the neighbourhood and work environments, and psychosomatic health problems.

Methods   The data were collected in the survey “Life and Health ”, which was conducted in 2000 in six Swedish county councils. A total of 71,580 questionnaires were distributed to randomly selected individuals aged 18 –79. A total of 46,636 respondents completed the questionnaire. This gives a response rate of around 65%. For the purpose of this study only gainfully employed individuals aged 18 – 64 are included, which gives a total of 22,164 individuals: 11,247 (50.7%) women and 10,917 (49.3%) men. Two scales were used to measure the psychosocial environments in the neighbourhood and at work. The link between these scales and psychosomatic health problems was analysed by using multinomial logistic regression.

Results  The results show that both “Psychosocial Neighbourhood Environment” (PNE) and “Psychosocial Working Environment” (PWE), independently, are related to psychosomatic health problems. Hence, the health effects of social relations in the neighbourhood were not modified by the quality of social relations at work, or vice versa. The levels of psychosomatic health problems are highest for people experiencing a low degree of social solidarity in the neighbourhood and for those experiencing low degrees of supportive work relationships.

 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Berlin: Springer, 2009. Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 265-271
Emneord [en]
Social relations Social support Neighbourhood Workplace Psychosomatic health complaints
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7413DOI: 10.1007/s10389-009-0248-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-7413DiVA, id: diva2:417880
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-05-18 Laget: 2011-05-18 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Social Relations and Health: How do the associations vary across contexts and subgroups of individuals?
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Social Relations and Health: How do the associations vary across contexts and subgroups of individuals?
2011 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to study the association between social relations and health in different social spheres, and to examine possible interaction effects.

Material and Methods: In Paper I, the link between measures of the psychosocial neighbourhood environment, the psychosocial working environment, and psychosomatic health is analyzed by using a subset of data from the survey Life and Health 2000.

In Paper II, the association between adolescent social relationships in school and psychosomatic health was analyzed by using the survey Young in Värmland.

In Paper III, the association between parental monitoring, peer activity frequency, and adolescent alcohol use was studied by using Young in Värmland as the data source.

In Paper IV, the links between adolescent perceptions of the psychosocial school climate, activities with parents, and psychosomatic health, were analysed by using Young in Värmland as the data source.

Results: The results from Paper I indicate that social relations in the neighbourhood environment, as well as the working environment, are independently related to psychosomatic health. The independent contributions imply that efforts to improve health can be successfully directed to the psychosocial neighbourhood environment, as well as to the psychosocial working environment.

The results from Paper II show that the social relations adolescents have in school may differ between subgroups of adolescents. The health effects of teacher contacts were stronger for the theoretically oriented students compared to the non-theoretically oriented students, suggesting that adolescents should be considered a heterogeneous group rather than a homogeneous one with respect to their social relations in school. Efforts to improve equity in health should consider these differences in order to be successful.

In Paper III the results imply that even though both parents and the peer group are important in order to understand the alcohol use patterns of adolescents, the importance of parents should not be underestimated. Parental monitoring had a protective effect on adolescent alcohol use, regardless of the frequency of peer activities.

In Paper IV, both the psychosocial school climate, and the frequency of activities with parents were related to psychosomatic health. The positive health effects of the psychosocial school climate were, furthermore, reinforced as a function of the frequency of activities with parents. This suggests that efforts to improve health should be directed to the school environment as well as to the family environment in order to be successful.

Conclusions: The importance and meaning of social relations differ between different social arenas as well as between sub-groups of individuals.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Karlstad: Karlstad University, 2011. s. 107
Serie
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2011:30
Emneord
Social Relations, Social Capital, Health, Health Behaviours, School, Adolescents
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-7364 (URN)978-91-7063-364-5 (ISBN)
Disputas
2011-06-07, Ericssonsalen, 9C 204, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-05-18 Laget: 2011-05-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert

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Bergh, DanielStarrin, BengtHagquist, Curt

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